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Titolo:
A fast and simple screening test to search for specific inhibitors of the plasma membrane calcium pump
Autore:
Tiffert, T; Daw, N; Perdomo, D; Lew, VL;
Indirizzi:
Univ Cambridge, Physiol Lab, Cambridge CB2 3EG, England Univ Cambridge Cambridge England CB2 3EG Lab, Cambridge CB2 3EG, England
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF LABORATORY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 137, anno: 2001,
pagine: 199 - 207
SICI:
0022-2143(200103)137:3<199:AFASST>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN RED-CELLS; BLOOD-CELLS; CA PUMP; EXTRUSION; MAGNESIUM; K+; IONOPHORE-A23187; CLOTRIMAZOLE; TRANSPORT; EXCHANGE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Tiffert, T Univ Cambridge, Physiol Lab, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3EG, England Univ Cambridge Downing St Cambridge England CB2 3EG G, England
Citazione:
T. Tiffert et al., "A fast and simple screening test to search for specific inhibitors of the plasma membrane calcium pump", J LA CL MED, 137(3), 2001, pp. 199-207

Abstract

No specific inhibitors of the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump have been found todate, limiting research on the particular contribution of this pump to theCa2+ homeostasis of animal cells. The search for Ca2+ pump inhibitors may have been hampered by the lack of an efficient screening method to measure pump activity that would provide an alternative to the lengthy and costly adenosine triphosphatase or Ca2+-flux measurements. We propose here a novel screening method in which Ca2+ pump inhibition is translated into easily measurable cell dehydration. Intact human red cells, suspended in Ca2+-containing, low-K+ buffers were exposed to sequential additions of (1) ionophore A23187 (t = 0) to load the cells with Ca2+; (2) CoCl2 (t = 1 minute) to block ionophore-mediated Ca2+ transport and to allow complete extrusion of theCa2+ load by the pump in less than 5 minutes; and (3) NaSCN (t = 6 minutes) to accelerate cell dehydration via Ca2+-sensitive K+ channels when the Ca2+ load is retained as a result of Ca2+ pump inhibition. Samples were takenat 10 to 25 minutes after ionophore addition and delivered into hypotonic media containing about 45 mmol/L NaCl, Non-dehydrated cells-with normal, uninhibited pumps-instantly underwent lysis, whereas dehydrated cells-with inhibited pumps-resisted lysis, resulting in translucent or opaque samples, respectively, which were quantifiable by light-absorption measurements, Vanadate was used as a test substance to assess the effect of putative pump inhibitors. This method offers a cost-efficient and easily automated alternative for testing large numbers of natural or synthetic agents.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/09/20 alle ore 11:22:58