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Titolo:
Relaxation training and cortisol secretion in adult asthmatics
Autore:
Smyth, J; Litcher, L; Hurewitz, A; Stone, A;
Indirizzi:
N Dakota State Univ, Dept Psychol, Fargo, ND 58105 USA N Dakota State Univ Fargo ND USA 58105 Dept Psychol, Fargo, ND 58105 USA SUNY Stony Brook, Sch Med, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA SUNY Stony Brook Stony Brook NY USA 11794 Med, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 6, anno: 2001,
pagine: 217 - 227
SICI:
1359-1053(200103)6:2<217:RTACSI>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS; SALIVARY CORTISOL; STRESS; PROGRAM; SYMPTOMS; DISEASE; THERAPY; MOOD;
Keywords:
asthma; cortisol; ecological momentary assessment; HPA; relaxation;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Smyth, J N Dakota State Univ, Dept Psychol, Minard Hall, Fargo, ND 58105 USA N Dakota State Univ Minard Hall Fargo ND USA 58105 , ND 58105 USA
Citazione:
J. Smyth et al., "Relaxation training and cortisol secretion in adult asthmatics", J HEAL PSYC, 6(2), 2001, pp. 217-227

Abstract

Relaxation techniques can lead to symptom reduction and improved pulmonaryfunctioning in asthmatics, although the mechanism is not clear. One possibility is by influencing cortisol secretion, as cortisol is implicated in inflammatory processes and relaxation has been shown to alter cortisol secretion in healthy individuals. This study explored the effect of relaxation training on cortisol levels and cortisol reactivity to stress in asthmatics. Twenty adult asthmatics participated for 21 days in their natural environment, and received relaxation training halfway through the study. Cortisol was assessed from saliva five times per day for three weeks. Relaxation training was successful, but did not lead to the hypothesized reduction in overall cortisol levels. Participants using corticosteroid medication showed increases in cortisol after relaxation, whereas those not using corticosteroids showed decreases in cortisol (p < .05). Relaxation altered the cortisol reactivity to stress (p = .007); before relaxation training cortisol levels increased after a stressor, whereas following relaxation training cortisol levels decreased after a stressor. This study suggests that relaxation training can influence cortisol secretion in asthmatics, but that these effectsdiffer from those observed in healthy individuals and may be influenced bycorticosteroid medication use.

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Documento generato il 15/01/21 alle ore 23:12:47