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Titolo:
Proximal and distal predictors of AIDS risk behaviors among inner-city African American and European American women
Autore:
Schroder, KEE; Hobfoll, SE; Jackson, AP; Lavin, J;
Indirizzi:
Kent State Univ, Dept Psychol, Kent, OH 44240 USA Kent State Univ Kent OHUSA 44240 Univ, Dept Psychol, Kent, OH 44240 USA Akron City Hosp, Akron, OH USA Akron City Hosp Akron OH USAAkron City Hosp, Akron, OH USA NE Ohio Univ, Coll Med, Rootstown, OH 44272 USA NE Ohio Univ Rootstown OHUSA 44272 iv, Coll Med, Rootstown, OH 44272 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 6, anno: 2001,
pagine: 169 - 190
SICI:
1359-1053(200103)6:2<169:PADPOA>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SAFER SEX; INTERVENTION; KNOWLEDGE; PERCEPTIONS; STRESS; MODEL;
Keywords:
AIDS risk; attitudes; condom use; ethnic differences; health behavior; self-efficacy; social norms;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
34
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hobfoll, SE Kent State Univ, Dept Psychol, POB 5190, Kent, OH 44240 USA Kent State Univ POB 5190 Kent OH USA 44240 Kent, OH 44240 USA
Citazione:
K.E.E. Schroder et al., "Proximal and distal predictors of AIDS risk behaviors among inner-city African American and European American women", J HEAL PSYC, 6(2), 2001, pp. 169-190

Abstract

AIDS risk behavior and attitudes towards safer sex were studied in a sample of 666 African American and 626 European American women. Condom use, AIDS-related knowledge, risk perception, self-efficacy beliefs, attitudes and perceived partner attitudes, and an assertive coping style were analyzed with regard to mean differences and predictive power in both ethnic groups. Compared to European American women, African American women had less knowledge and lower self-efficacy beliefs towards safer sex behavior, but they perceived themselves to be at more risk and reported greater condom use. Further, ethnicity was found to moderate the effects of the psychological predictors on safer sex behavior. This moderator effect was tested using a structural equation modeling design. In both groups, risk perception was the strongest predictor of condom use. Among African American women, social-cognitive barriers (e.g. low self-efficacy beliefs, negative attitude towards condom use) worked as a second predictor and mediator of the effects of risk perception on condom use. In contrast, among European American women, social-cognitive factors had no effect on condom use. In general, prediction of safer sex behavior was stronger among African American women.

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Documento generato il 25/02/20 alle ore 06:15:39