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Titolo:
Predictors of neuropsychological performance in HIV positive women
Autore:
Durvasula, RS; Miller, EN; Myers, HF; Wyatt, GE;
Indirizzi:
Calif State Univ Los Angeles, Dept Psychol, Los Angeles, CA 90032 USA Calif State Univ Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90032 geles, CA 90032 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Psychiat & Biobehav Sci, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90024 Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Psychol, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA Univ CalifLos Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90024 Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci, Los Angeles, CA 90059 USA Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci Los Angeles CA USA 90059 eles, CA 90059 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 23, anno: 2001,
pagine: 149 - 163
SICI:
1380-3395(2001)23:2<149:PONPIH>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MULTICENTER AIDS COHORT; CHRONIC COCAINE ABUSERS; INTRAVENOUS-DRUG-USERS; HOMOSEXUAL MEN; INFECTION; DISEASE; RISK; MANIFESTATIONS; ABNORMALITIES; INDIVIDUALS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
65
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Durvasula, RS Calif State Univ Los Angeles, Dept Psychol, King Hall,5151 State Univ Dr, Los Angeles, CA 90032 USA Calif State Univ Los Angeles King Hall,5151 State Univ Dr Los Angeles CA USA 90032
Citazione:
R.S. Durvasula et al., "Predictors of neuropsychological performance in HIV positive women", J CL EXP N, 23(2), 2001, pp. 149-163

Abstract

This study examines predictors of neuropsychological (NP) performance in acommunity sample of 237 HIV seropositive and seronegative women. Consistent with literature describing the NP sequelae of HIV infection in men, we expected that HIV status would predict poorer NP performance on tests assessing verbal memory, psychomotor speed and motor speed. Multiple regression analyses testing the association between HIV serostatus and NP performance and controlling for predictors including age, ethnicity, education, psychological distress, and drug and alcohol use indicated that HIV serostatus was associated with slowed psychomotor speed. Specifically, AIDS diagnosis and HIV seropositivity predicted poorer performance on tests of psychomotor speed relative to HIV seronegatives. Contrary to expectations, no relationship between HIV serostatus and either motor speed or verbal memory performance emerged. Education, ethnicity, depressive distress, recent exposure to drugs as indexed by toxicology, and alcohol use were also associated with NP performance. Given that the HIV seropositive and seronegative samples differed on a number of demographic and drug use variables, a second series of analyses examining a subset of participants (matched on all key demographic factors) and with no illicit drug use during the past year was also conducted. Results of these analyses were similar to those obtained for the full sample, with AIDS diagnosis and HIV seropositivity predicting psychomotor slowing. To date, little work describing the NP sequelae of HIV infection in women has been conducted. This study provides one of the first descriptions of the NP effects of HIV/AIDS in a largely non-injection drug using community sample of women.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 12:49:41