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Titolo:
In vivo recording of monophasic action potentials in awake dogs - new applications for experimental electrophysiology
Autore:
Eckardt, L; Meissner, A; Kirchhof, P; Weber, T; Borggrefe, M; Breithardt, G; Van Aken, H; Haverkamp, W;
Indirizzi:
Univ Munster, D-48129 Munster, Germany Univ Munster Munster Germany D-48129 v Munster, D-48129 Munster, Germany Univ Munster, Dept Anesthesiol & Postoperat Intens Care Med, D-4400 Munster, Germany Univ Munster Munster Germany D-4400 ns Care Med, D-4400 Munster, Germany
Titolo Testata:
BASIC RESEARCH IN CARDIOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 96, anno: 2001,
pagine: 169 - 174
SICI:
0300-8428(200104)96:2<169:IVROMA>2.0.ZU;2-5
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TORSADE-DE-POINTES; ANTIARRHYTHMIC AGENTS; CANINE HEART; ARRHYTHMIAS; VALIDATION; DISPERSION; INSITU; MODEL; DEATH; LONG;
Keywords:
electrophysiology; repolarization; refractoriness; monophasic action potential; awake dog;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
21
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Eckardt, L Univ Munster, D-48129 Munster, Germany Univ Munster Munster Germany D-48129 D-48129 Munster, Germany
Citazione:
L. Eckardt et al., "In vivo recording of monophasic action potentials in awake dogs - new applications for experimental electrophysiology", BAS R CARD, 96(2), 2001, pp. 169-174

Abstract

Introduction Despite enormous developments in the field of clinical and experimental electrophysiology there is still a gap in evaluating repolarization in the awake animal. Numerous previous studies have used monophasic action potentials (MAP) to assess repolarization in vitro and in vivo in anesthetized animal models. However, an approach for recording MAP in awake dogswithout interference of anesthesia has not yet been developed. Methods andresults We developed an experimental technique to record MAP in conscious dogs by means of conventional rubber introducers which were implanted into the internal jugular vein. In seven awake dogs, atrial as well as ventricular MAP were simultaneously measured without complications. Pacing thresholds were low and stable over time ranging from 0.2 to 4.0 mA. The MAP amplitudes ranged from 10 to 30 mV for ventricular and from 5 to 15 mV for atrial MAP. Continuous MAP recordings of stable amplitude could be made from the same endocardial site for periods of up to one hour. Antegrade and retrograde AV-nodal conduction properties could be assessed. Programmed stimulation was performed to simultaneously determine local refractory periods and MAP duration at cycle lengths from 500 to 200 ms. Conclusion In awake, unsedated dogs the measurement of MAP via rubber introducers permits safe, long-term recording of MAP. Such recordings may be useful for safety pharmacological studies in evaluating cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular drugs with regard to their effects on repolarization. In various canine in vivo models including in vivo models of long QT syndrome, heart failure or sudden cardiac death, the present technique permits electrophysiological measurements without interference of anesthesia.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 15/07/20 alle ore 08:08:23