Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Alcohol intoxication and violent crime: Implications for public health policy
Autore:
McClelland, GM; Teplin, LA;
Indirizzi:
Northwestern Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Chicago, IL 60611 USA Northwestern Univ Chicago IL USA 60611 pt Psychiat, Chicago, IL 60611 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL ON ADDICTIONS
, volume: 10, anno: 2001, supplemento:, S
pagine: 70 - 85
SICI:
1055-0496(2001)10:<70:AIAVCI>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR; MENTALLY-ILL; DRINKING PROBLEMS; SUBSTANCE-ABUSE; PRISON-INMATES; UNITED-STATES; HOMICIDE; HISPANICS; WHITES; BLACKS;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
113
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: McClelland, GM Northwestern Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, 710 N Lakeshore Dr,Suite 900, Chicago, IL 60611 USA Northwestern Univ 710 N Lakeshore Dr,Suite 900 Chicago IL USA 60611
Citazione:
G.M. McClelland e L.A. Teplin, "Alcohol intoxication and violent crime: Implications for public health policy", AM J ADDICT, 10, 2001, pp. 70-85

Abstract

Despite extensive public health campaigns, the consequences of alcohol intoxication continue to be a serious public health concern. Alcohol intoxication,Sor example, is a prevalent feature of crime, especially violent crime. Previous studies of alcohol intoxication and violent crime have used samples of police reports, correctional populations (arrestees, jail detainees, or convicted offenders), or community surveys. Studies using police reportsand correctional populations are biased because Jew police-citizen encounters result in police reports or arrest. Community surveys avoid these biases but rely an the subject's assessment of both the victims' and the suspects' intoxication. We took a different approach and directly observed 2,365 police-citizen encounters. Observers used the Alcohol Symptom Checklist to determine the level of alcohol intoxication or impairment. We compared the prevalence of suspects' and victims' alcohol intoxication (equivalent to a blood alcohol level [BAL] of .05 or above) by type of encounter and compared odds ratios to assess the association between intoxication and type of encounter. We also controlled for demographic characteristics (race,gender, age, and socio-economic status) to assess the relationships among perpetration, victimization, and intoxication. Overall, suspects are for more likely than victims to be intoxicated; not surprisingly, suspects irt public order/vandalism encounters are the most likely to be intoxicated. Alcohol intoxication appears tocontribute substantially to violent victimization. The role of alcohol intoxication is largest among groups that, if not intoxicated are generally less vulnerable to violence: whites, males, and persons of higher socio-economic status. We discuss the implications of these findings for services and public health policy.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 10:04:23