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Titolo:
Injection- and space charge limited-currents in doped conducting organic materials
Autore:
Jain, SC; Geens, W; Mehra, A; Kumar, V; Aernouts, T; Poortmans, J; Mertens, R; Willander, M;
Indirizzi:
Solid State Phys Lab, Delhi 110054, India Solid State Phys Lab Delhi India 110054 te Phys Lab, Delhi 110054, India IMEC, B-3001 Louvain, Belgium IMEC Louvain Belgium B-3001IMEC, B-3001 Louvain, Belgium Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Phys, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden Chalmers UnivTechnol Gothenburg Sweden S-41296 41296 Gothenburg, Sweden
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS
fascicolo: 7, volume: 89, anno: 2001,
pagine: 3804 - 3810
SICI:
0021-8979(20010407)89:7<3804:IASCLI>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LIGHT-EMITTING-DIODES; SINGLE-LAYER; DEVICES; TRANSPORT; VINYLENE); PPV;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
--discip_EC--
Citazioni:
19
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jain, SC IMEC, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Louvain, Belgium IMEC Kapeldreef 75 Louvain Belgium B-3001 -3001 Louvain, Belgium
Citazione:
S.C. Jain et al., "Injection- and space charge limited-currents in doped conducting organic materials", J APPL PHYS, 89(7), 2001, pp. 3804-3810

Abstract

Most conducting organic materials have a background p-type doping varying in the range 10(15)-10(17) cm(-3). We report results of a theoretical and experimental study of carrier transport in p-doped organic Schottky diodes. The theory given in this article shows that in a doped organic material with ohmic contacts the current is ohmic at low voltages. If the ohmic contactat the cathode is replaced by an Al Schottky contact the current varies exponentially with the applied voltage V. The current changes to space chargelimited current (SCLC) at high voltages. The voltage at which the change takes place depends on the doping concentrations. In the SCLC regime the current varies according to the well-known V-2 law if there are no traps and the mobility is independent of the electric field. If either trapping or effect of field on mobility is important, the current varies as V-m, where m >2. We have investigated experimentally the I-V characteristics of Schottky diodes fabricated using the PPV-based oligomer 2,5-di-n-octyloxy-1,4-bis (4', 4'-bis-styryl) styrylbenzene (Ooct-OPV5) blended with polystyrene (PS) and the PPV-based polymer poly(2-methoxy-5-(3,7-dimethyloctyloxy)-p-phenylene vinylene) (OC1C10). As predicted by the theory, Al/Ooct-OPV5:PS/ITO (indium tin oxide) and Al/OC1C10/ITO Schottky diodes do show that the current varies exponentially with V at low voltages and as SCLC according to the V-m law (with m=3) at high voltages. The V-3 variation of the current in the SCLC regime can be due to trapping or field dependent mobility. It is not possible to distinguish unambiguously between the two mechanisms using the experimental results. The voltage at which transition from the Shockley current to SCLC takes place can be used to determine the background doping concentration. The p-type background doping concentration in the Ooct-OPV5 is found to be similar to 10(17) cm(-3). From the temperature variation of the hole current at low voltages, a value 0.53 +/-0.1 eV is determined for the Schottky barrier height at the Al/Ooct-OPV5:PS contact. When image barrier lowering for 10(17) cm(-3) doping is taken into account, this value of the barrier height is in good agreement with the difference in the Al work function and highest occupied molecular orbital of the organic material. Finally we suggest that if the background doping concentration can be eliminated, the SCLC and light emission in the light-emitting diodes should occur at lower voltages. (C) 2001 American Institute of Physics.

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Documento generato il 30/03/20 alle ore 19:33:16