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Titolo:
Red palm oil in the maternal diet increases provitamin A carotenoids in breastmilk and serum of the mother-infant dyad
Autore:
Canfield, LM; Kaminsky, RG; Taren, DL; Shaw, E; Sander, JK;
Indirizzi:
Univ Arizona, Dept Biochem & Mol Biophys, Tucson, AZ 85724 USA Univ Arizona Tucson AZ USA 85724 chem & Mol Biophys, Tucson, AZ 85724 USA Univ Arizona, Arizona Dis Prevent Ctr, Tucson, AZ USA Univ Arizona TucsonAZ USA zona, Arizona Dis Prevent Ctr, Tucson, AZ USA Univ Nacl Autonoma Honduras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras Univ Nacl Autonoma Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduras Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
fascicolo: 1, volume: 40, anno: 2001,
pagine: 30 - 38
SICI:
1436-6207(200102)40:1<30:RPOITM>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MATURE HUMAN-MILK; VITAMIN-A STATUS; BETA-CAROTENE; MAJOR CAROTENOIDS; SUPPLEMENTATION; QUANTITATION; CHILDREN;
Keywords:
red palm oil; beta-carotene; breastmilk; carotenoids; vitamin A;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Canfield, LM Univ Arizona, Dept Biochem & Mol Biophys, Tucson, AZ 85724 USA Univ Arizona Tucson AZ USA 85724 ophys, Tucson, AZ 85724 USA
Citazione:
L.M. Canfield et al., "Red palm oil in the maternal diet increases provitamin A carotenoids in breastmilk and serum of the mother-infant dyad", EUR J NUTR, 40(1), 2001, pp. 30-38

Abstract

Background Despite vitamin A supplementation programs, vitamin A deficiency in children remains a public health concern in Honduras. Aim of the StudyWe investigated the effectiveness of short-term dietary supplementation ofmothers with red palm oil as a strategy for improving the vitamin A statusof the mother-infant dyad. Methods Lactating mothers in Colonia Los Pines,a barrio of Tegucigalpa, Honduras, consumed a total of 90-mg beta -carotene as red palm oil (n = 32) supplements (n = 36) or placebo (n = 18) in six equal doses over 10 days. Carotenoids and retinol in maternal and infant serum, and breastmilk carotenoids and retinol were measured before and after supplementation. Maternal diet was evaluated by 24-hour recall. Results Maternal serum alpha -carotene and beta -carotene concentrations were increased 2 fold by palm oil compared with 1.2 fold by beta -carotene supplements. Changes were significantly different in infant serum alpha -carotene but not beta -carotene among the three experimental groups. Increases in breastmilk beta -carotene were greater for the palm oil group (2.5 fold) than for the beta -carotene supplement group (1.6 fold) and increases in milk alpha -carotene concentrations (3.2 fold) were slightly greater than those of beta-carotene. There were also small but significant changes among groups in breastmilk lutein and lycopene. Breastmilk retinol was not significantly different among the groups over the treatment period. Conclusions Red palm oilin the maternal diet increases provitamin A carotenoids in breastmilk and serum of the mother-infant dyad. The use of dietary red palm oil to improvethe vitamin A status of this population should be further investigated.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 09/04/20 alle ore 10:28:36