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Titolo:
Inhibitory associations between neutral stimuli: A comparative approach
Autore:
Artigas, AA; Chamizo, VD; Peris, JM;
Indirizzi:
Univ Barcelona, Dept Psicol Bas, Barcelona 08035, Spain Univ Barcelona Barcelona Spain 08035 Psicol Bas, Barcelona 08035, Spain Univ Politecn Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain Univ Politecn Catalunya Barcelona Spain ecn Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
Titolo Testata:
ANIMAL LEARNING & BEHAVIOR
fascicolo: 1, volume: 29, anno: 2001,
pagine: 46 - 65
SICI:
0090-4996(200102)29:1<46:IABNSA>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PAVLOVIAN CONDITIONED INHIBITION; LATENT INHIBITION; RETROSPECTIVE REVALUATION; CAUSALITY JUDGMENTS; BACKWARD BLOCKING; CUE COMPETITION; REPRESENTATION; ELEMENTS; CONTINGENCIES; PREEXPOSURE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
54
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Chamizo, VD Univ Barcelona, Dept Psicol Bas, Passeig Vall Hebron 171, Barcelona 08035,Spain Univ Barcelona Passeig Vall Hebron 171 Barcelona Spain 08035
Citazione:
A.A. Artigas et al., "Inhibitory associations between neutral stimuli: A comparative approach", ANIM LEAR B, 29(1), 2001, pp. 46-65

Abstract

In Experiments IA, 1B, and 1C, nonhuman subjects, rats, received long alternated exposures to two compound flavors, AX and EX, that shared one flavorin common, X. Following this, conditioning of an aversion to A was sufficient to establish B as a conditioned inhibitor of the aversive unconditionedstimulus, passing both summation and retardation tests. Two additional experiments (Experiments 2 and 3) expanded the generality of these results to humans, using similar designs but an auditory discrimination learning task. A set of notes sequentially presented served as cues and fictitious composers served as outcomes. Both summation and retardation effects were found (Experiments 2 and 3, respectively). Experiment 4 then sought to clarify themechanism underlying these effects. The results are discussed within several theoretical frameworks, most centrally the McLaren, Kaye, and Mackintosh(1989) theory of perceptual learning.

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Documento generato il 18/02/20 alle ore 04:40:16