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Titolo:
Why does smoking so often produce dependence? A somewhat different view
Autore:
Hughes, JR;
Indirizzi:
Univ Vermont, Dept Psychiat, Burlington, VT 05401 USA Univ Vermont Burlington VT USA 05401 t Psychiat, Burlington, VT 05401 USA
Titolo Testata:
TOBACCO CONTROL
fascicolo: 1, volume: 10, anno: 2001,
pagine: 62 - 64
SICI:
0964-4563(200103)10:1<62:WDSSOP>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NICOTINE DEPENDENCE; WITHDRAWAL; TOBACCO; PREVALENCE; SYMPTOMS; SMOKERS;
Keywords:
nicotine; substance use disorder; substance withdrawal; tobacco use disorder;
Tipo documento:
Editorial Material
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hughes, JR Univ Vermont, Dept Psychiat, 38 Fletcher Place, Burlington, VT 05401 USA Univ Vermont 38 Fletcher Place Burlington VT USA 05401 5401 USA
Citazione:
J.R. Hughes, "Why does smoking so often produce dependence? A somewhat different view", TOB CONTROL, 10(1), 2001, pp. 62-64

Abstract

The usual explanation for why smoking produces dependence focuses on the effects of nicotine on dopamine and other neurobiological explanations. Thisreview offers four somewhat different explanations: (1) nicotine can offerseveral psychopharmacological benefits at the age when such benefits are especially needed; (2) cigarettes provide for a rapid, frequent, reliable and easy-to-obtain reward; (3) nicotine is not intoxicating, allowing chronicintake; and (4) the long duration of the nicotine withdrawal syndrome effectively undermines cessation. This article reviews the evidence for the above views and the tobacco control activities these views suggest.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 18:48:01