Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Depth-dependent mantle anisotropy below the San Andreas fault system: Apparent splitting parameters and waveforms
Autore:
Hartog, R; Schwartz, SY;
Indirizzi:
Univ Utrecht, Dept Earth Sci, NL-3584 CD Utrecht, Netherlands Univ Utrecht Utrecht Netherlands NL-3584 CD 3584 CD Utrecht, Netherlands Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Earth Sci, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA Univ CalifSanta Cruz Santa Cruz CA USA 95064 i, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Inst Tecton, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA Univ Calif Santa Cruz Santa Cruz CA USA 95064 n, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH
fascicolo: B3, volume: 106, anno: 2001,
pagine: 4155 - 4167
SICI:
0148-0227(20010310)106:B3<4155:DMABTS>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WESTERN UNITED-STATES; SEISMIC ANISOTROPY; SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA; CONTINENTAL MANTLE; PLATE MOTION; SHEAR; DEFORMATION; NEVADA; SCALE; CONSTRAINTS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hartog, R Univ Utrecht, Dept Earth Sci, Budapestlaan 4, NL-3584 CD Utrecht, Netherlands Univ Utrecht Budapestlaan 4 Utrecht Netherlands NL-3584 CD ands
Citazione:
R. Hartog e S.Y. Schwartz, "Depth-dependent mantle anisotropy below the San Andreas fault system: Apparent splitting parameters and waveforms", J GEO R-SOL, 106(B3), 2001, pp. 4155-4167

Abstract

We measure apparent teleseismic shear wave splitting parameters at severalstations of the Berkeley Digital Seismic Network (BDSN) and three temporary broadband stations of the University of California at Santa Cruz located near the San Andreas fault system in northern and central California. Previously proposed anisotropic models for the region include a two-layered structure and a structure with a constant degree of anisotropy and a horizontalfast axis that gradually rotates as a function of depth. We significantly increase the number of observations and confirm the existence of depth-dependent anisotropy beneath the San Andreas fault system. We also investigate the extent to which the enhanced data set can constrain the details of the depth-dependence, Using theoretical expressions, we determine a suite of two-layer models that fit our observations and result in practically indistinguishable apparent splitting parameters. The wide range of acceptable models indicates that apparent splitting parameters alone cannot constrain all four parameters that specify the two anisotropic layers (upper and lower fast polarization directions and delay times). Synthetic seismograms for threevery different two-layer models chosen from our suite of acceptable modelsand a model with a gradually rotating fast axis show subtle waveform variations, and apparent splitting parameters measured from these records do notoverlap, Hence we conclude that waveforms indeed contain additional information about the anisotropic structure. We incorporate waveform data by searching for the four splitting parameters of two-layer models that minimize the splitting of several records at each station simultaneously. The resulting models largely overlap with the models obtained using the theoretical expressions, which indicates that the addition of waveform data is not sufficient to uniquely determine all four parameters of a two-layer model. Constraining the upper fast polarization direction to be parallel to the relativemotion vector of the Pacific and North American plates, N35 degreesW, allows the values of the other three model parameters to be uniquely determined. The lower layer fast polarization direction beneath all stations is approximately E-W and the delay times vary from 0.85 to 1.70 s. The delay times in the upper layer are smaller and they vary between 0.50 and 1.25 a. Shearwithin the uppermost mantle due to the relative plate motion is a satisfactory explanation for the shallow anisotropic signature. The sublithosphericE-W fast directions may be caused by small-scale convection within a slabless window, or by motions of the lithosphere relative to the deeper mantle.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 09:59:17