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Titolo:
Development of a shorter version of the geriatric depression scale for visually impaired older patients
Autore:
Galaria, II; Casten, RJ; Rovner, BW;
Indirizzi:
Thomas Jefferson Univ, Jefferson Med Coll, Philadelphia, PA 19107 USA Thomas Jefferson Univ Philadelphia PA USA 19107 hiladelphia, PA 19107 USA
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOGERIATRICS
fascicolo: 4, volume: 12, anno: 2000,
pagine: 435 - 443
SICI:
1041-6102(200012)12:4<435:DOASVO>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CONSENSUS STATEMENT; ELDERLY PATIENTS; LOW-VISION; LIFE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
22
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Galaria, II Wills Eye Hosp, Geriatr Psychiat Program, 900 Walnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19107 USA Wills Eye Hosp 900 Walnut St Philadelphia PA USA 19107 107 USA
Citazione:
I.I. Galaria et al., "Development of a shorter version of the geriatric depression scale for visually impaired older patients", INT PSYCHOG, 12(4), 2000, pp. 435-443

Abstract

Objective: To validate a shorter version of the Geriatric Depression Scale(GDS) for older, visually impaired patients. Participants: Subjects were 70 visually impaired adults over age 65 who were presenting for services at a low vision clinic. Method: Subjects were interviewed by a geriatric nursepractitioner. A structured clinical interview was used to ascertain major depression, and the 15-item GDS was used to assess depressive symptoms. A multiple logistic regression was performed in which the dependent variable was clinical diagnosis of major depression and the independent variables were the 15 GDS items. Four items were significant, and were used to form the GDS-Abbreviated (GDS-A) scale. Sensitivity and specificity analyses were performed on various combinations of these four items to generate an effective cutoff score. Results:Endorsing any two or more of the following four items-(a) dissatisfied with life, (b) feeling helpless, (c) reporting problemswith memory, and (d) lost activities and interests-yielded the best results with a sensitivity of .71 and a specificity of .88. This GDS-A cutoff score better differentiates depressed from nondepressed individuals than the cutoff score of 5 that is recommended for the GDS-15. Conclusion: The GDS-A's short format and strong discriminating ability make it an effective, convenient tool for screening visually impaired, older patients for depression.

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Documento generato il 29/05/20 alle ore 17:00:12