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Titolo:
Theories of associative learning in animals
Autore:
Pearce, JM; Bouton, ME;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wales Coll Cardiff, Sch Psychol, Cardiff CF1 3YG, S Glam, Wales Univ Wales Coll Cardiff Cardiff S Glam Wales CF1 3YG 1 3YG, S Glam, Wales Univ Vermont, Dept Psychol, Burlington, VT 05405 USA Univ Vermont Burlington VT USA 05405 pt Psychol, Burlington, VT 05405 USA
Titolo Testata:
ANNUAL REVIEW OF PSYCHOLOGY
, volume: 52, anno: 2001,
pagine: 111 - 139
SICI:
0066-4308(2001)52:<111:TOALIA>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FEATURE-NEGATIVE DISCRIMINATION; WITHIN-COMPOUND ASSOCIATIONS; FEATURE-POSITIVE DISCRIMINATIONS; ACQUIRED RELATIONAL EQUIVALENCE; HUMAN CONTINGENCY JUDGMENT; HUMAN CAUSAL JUDGMENT; CS-US PAIRINGS; LATENT INHIBITION; CONTEXTUAL CONTROL; BACKWARD BLOCKING;
Keywords:
conditioning; occasion setting; causal judgment; attention; context;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
158
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Pearce, JM Univ Wales Coll Cardiff, Sch Psychol, Cardiff CF1 3YG, S Glam, Wales Univ Wales Coll Cardiff Cardiff S Glam Wales CF1 3YG am, Wales
Citazione:
J.M. Pearce e M.E. Bouton, "Theories of associative learning in animals", ANN R PSYCH, 52, 2001, pp. 111-139

Abstract

Theories of associative learning are concerned with the factors that govern association formation when two stimuli are presented together. In this article we review the relative merits of the currently influential theories of associative learning. Some theories focus on the role of attention in association formation, but differ in the rules they propose for determining whether or not attention is paid to a stimulus. Other theories focus on the nature of the association that is formed, but differ as to whether this association is regarded as elemental, configural, or hierarchical. Recent developments involve modifications to existing theories in order to account for associative learning between two stimuli, A and B, when A is accompanied, not by B, but by a stimulus that has been paired with B. The implications ofthe theories for understanding how humans derive causal judgments and solve categorization problems is considered.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/01/20 alle ore 21:12:03