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Titolo:
Autoprotection in acetaminophen intoxication in rats: The role of liver regeneration
Autore:
Dalhoff, K; Laursen, H; Bangert, K; Poulsen, HE; Anderson, ME; Grunnet, N; Tygstrup, N;
Indirizzi:
Rigshosp, Dept Clin Pharmacol Q 7642, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark Rigshosp Copenhagen Denmark N acol Q 7642, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark Rigshosp, Dept Med A, DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark Rigshosp Copenhagen Denmark DK-2200 t Med A, DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark Rigshosp, Neuropathol Lab, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark Rigshosp Copenhagen Denmark N opathol Lab, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark Rigshosp, Dept Clin Biochem, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark Rigshosp Copenhagen Denmark N lin Biochem, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark Univ Copenhagen, Panum Inst, Dept Pharmacol, DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark Univ Copenhagen Copenhagen Denmark DK-2200 , DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark Univ Copenhagen, Panum Inst, Dept Med Biochem & Genet, DK-2200 Copenhagen,Denmark Univ Copenhagen Copenhagen Denmark DK-2200 t, DK-2200 Copenhagen,Denmark
Titolo Testata:
PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 88, anno: 2001,
pagine: 135 - 141
SICI:
0901-9928(200103)88:3<135:AIAIIR>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY; N-ACETYLCYSTEINE; GLUTATHIONE; PROTECTION; HEPATOCYTES; EXPRESSION; INVIVO; MOUSE; MICE; HEPATECTOMY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
34
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Dalhoff, K Rigshosp, Dept Clin Pharmacol Q 7642, Ragensvej 20, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark Rigshosp Ragensvej 20 Copenhagen Denmark N penhagen N, Denmark
Citazione:
K. Dalhoff et al., "Autoprotection in acetaminophen intoxication in rats: The role of liver regeneration", PHARM TOX, 88(3), 2001, pp. 135-141

Abstract

Autoprotection by acetaminophen, i.e, increased resistance to toxic effects caused by pretreatment, is a well-known phenomenon. The purpose of the present work was to identify mechanisms for increased acetaminophen toleranceinduced by pretreatment of rats. One group of female Wistar rats (pretreated rats) received acetaminophen orally in increasing doses (1 to 4.3 g/kg) twice a week for 3 weeks, one group (naive rats) received the vehicle. At time zero pretreated rats received a toxic dose of 7.5 g/kg (100% lethal in naive rats), and naive rats received a toxic dose of 4.3 g/ kg. Blood and liver tissue were collected before and 12, 24, 36, and 45 hr after the toxicdose and were analysed for hepatic glutathione and cysteine contents, hepatic glutathione-S-transferase and blood alanine aminotransferase activity, as well as acetaminophen concentration in plasma. Steady-slate mRNA levels of proteins involved in acetaminophen detoxification. cell division and acute phase response were measured, liver tissue was examined for proliferating cell nuclear antigen and degree of hepatocyte necrosis. Six naive rats not receiving acetaminophen served as controls. The mortality was the same inpre-treated and naive rats (33 percent). Thus, pretreatment increased the tolerance twice. Before the toxic dose pretreated rats compared to control rats had higher activity of glutathione-S-transferase (liver) and alanine aminotransferase (serum), higher hepatic mRNA level of glutathione-S-transferase and gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase heavy and light chain subunits,and lower hepatic concentration of glutathione, cysteine and mRNA of CYP1A2 than cont;ol rats. After the toxic dose, the mRNA levels of glutathione-S-transferase, gamma -glutamylcysteine synthetase heavy and light chain subunits, and CYP1A2 in naive rats rose, approaching those of pretreated rats. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen labelling was high in pretreated rats, while only slightly increased in a few of the naive rats. Necrotic hepatocytes were found at all time intervals in pretreated rats, and in naive rats they appeared after 12 hr, peaking after 36 hr. Pretreatment increased the tolerance to acetaminophen toxicity twice, as estimated by mortality. The data indicate that pretreatment may reduce the relative production of toxic metabolites, but it primarily enhances the protection against these metabolites by regenerating hepatocytes.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 04:54:13