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Titolo:
The influence of retrieval processes in verbal overshadowing
Autore:
Meissner, CA; Brigham, JC; Kelley, CM;
Indirizzi:
Florida State Univ, Dept Psychol, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA Florida State Univ Tallahassee FL USA 32306 ol, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA
Titolo Testata:
MEMORY & COGNITION
fascicolo: 1, volume: 29, anno: 2001,
pagine: 176 - 186
SICI:
0090-502X(200101)29:1<176:TIORPI>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
IDENTIFICATION ACCURACY; PERCEPTUAL EXPERTISE; COGNITIVE INTERVIEW; FACE RECOGNITION; FALSE MEMORIES; RECALL; SUSCEPTIBILITY; EVENTS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Meissner, CA Florida State Univ, Dept Psychol, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA Florida State Univ Tallahassee FL USA 32306 ee, FL 32306 USA
Citazione:
C.A. Meissner et al., "The influence of retrieval processes in verbal overshadowing", MEM COGNIT, 29(1), 2001, pp. 176-186

Abstract

Recent studies of eyewitness memory have observed deleterious effects of producing a verbal description on later identification accuracy of a previously viewed face, an effect termed verbal overshadowing (Schooler & Engstler-Schooler, 1990). The present research investigated whether the phenomenon of verbal overshadowing may be constrained by variation in participants' initial retrieval processes, such that verbalization of a previously viewed stimulus could produce either positive or negative influences on subsequent attempts at recollection. To assess the validity of this hypothesis, we manipulated participants' response criterion during the verbal description task. As predicted, variation in response criterion significantly influenced not only the quality of the description generated but also accuracy on a subsequent identification task. This retrieval-based effect was found to persist despite either a postdescription delay (Experiment 1) or source-monitoring instructions at the time of the identification task (Experiment 2). We conclude that retrieval-based processes exert a powerful influence over the accuracy of verbalization and subsequent identification of a target face.

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Documento generato il 22/01/20 alle ore 07:09:42