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Titolo:
Nutrient intake of physically fit and unfit men and women
Autore:
Brodney, S; McPherson, RS; Carpenter, RA; Welten, D; Blair, SN;
Indirizzi:
Cooper Inst, Dallas, TX 75230 USA Cooper Inst Dallas TX USA 75230Cooper Inst, Dallas, TX 75230 USA Univ Texas Houston, Sch Publ Hlth, Houston, TX USA Univ Texas Houston Houston TX USA ouston, Sch Publ Hlth, Houston, TX USA
Titolo Testata:
MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 33, anno: 2001,
pagine: 459 - 467
SICI:
0195-9131(200103)33:3<459:NIOPFA>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE MORTALITY; ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY; CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS; AMERICAN ADULTS; HEALTHY-MEN; ASSOCIATION; GUIDELINES; NUTRITION; PROTOCOLS;
Keywords:
cardiorespiratory fitness; physical activity; dietary recommendations; diet record;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Blair, SN Cooper Inst, 12330 Preston Rd, Dallas, TX 75230 USA Cooper Inst 12330 Preston Rd Dallas TX USA 75230 s, TX 75230 USA
Citazione:
S. Brodney et al., "Nutrient intake of physically fit and unfit men and women", MED SCI SPT, 33(3), 2001, pp. 459-467

Abstract

Objective: Participation in physical activity and following a diet low in fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol and high in fiber are important in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease and other health problems. Despite the importance of both behaviors, little is known about the interactive role of diet and physical activity. The association between physical activity and diet has been studied, but data on the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), which is an objective measure of habitual physical activity, and diet are lacking in adults. This report examines nutrient intakes of men and women across low, moderate, and high fitness categories and compares the intakes to national dietary recommendations. It is the first step in examining the relationship between diet, CRF, and morbidityand mortality endpoints in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS). Methods: Between 1987 and 1995, 7959 men and 2453 women participating in the ACLS provided 3-d diet records and completed a preventive medical examination. CRF was measured using a maximal exercise test, anthropometric and other clinical variables were measured following a standardized protocol, andlifestyle factors were assessed with a medical history questionnaire. Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, there was a significantly lower percent of energy from fat and saturated fat across low, moderate, andhigh CRF categories. With additional adjustment for total energy intake, there was a significantly higher dietary fiber intake and a significantly lower cholesterol intake across CRF categories. The percentage of men and women meeting national dietary recommendation was higher at higher CRF levels. Conclusions: Men and women with higher fitness levels consumed diets that more closely approached national dietary recommendations than their lower fit peers.

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Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 16:27:48