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Titolo:
Determinants of infant growth in the slums of Dhaka: size and maturity at birth, breastfeeding and morbidity
Autore:
Arifeen, SE; Black, RE; Caulfield, LE; Antelman, G; Baqui, AH;
Indirizzi:
Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Hyg & Publ Hlth, Dept Int Hlth, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA Johns Hopkins Univ Baltimore MD USA 21205 t Hlth, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA Int Ctr Diarrhoeal Dis Res, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh Int Ctr Diarrhoeal Dis Res Dhaka Bangladesh 1000 Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
fascicolo: 3, volume: 55, anno: 2001,
pagine: 167 - 178
SICI:
0954-3007(200103)55:3<167:DOIGIT>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LOWER-RESPIRATORY-INFECTIONS; MEDIATED IMMUNE-DEFICIENCY; RURAL BANGLADESHI CHILDREN; 1ST 2 YEARS; GESTATIONAL-AGE; BRAZILIAN INFANTS; FEEDING PRACTICES; FILIPINO INFANTS; WEIGHT-GAIN; BREAST-MILK;
Keywords:
infant growth; birth weight; fetal growth retardation; gestational age; breastfeeding; morbidity; Bangladesh;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
58
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Black, RE Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Hyg & Publ Hlth, Dept Int Hlth, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA Johns Hopkins Univ 615 N Wolfe St BaltimoreMD USA 21205 205 USA
Citazione:
S.E. Arifeen et al., "Determinants of infant growth in the slums of Dhaka: size and maturity at birth, breastfeeding and morbidity", EUR J CL N, 55(3), 2001, pp. 167-178

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the influences of size at birth, breastfeeding and morbidity on growth during infancy in poor areas of urban Bangladesh. Design: This was a prospective observational study of a cohort of newborn infants followed until 12 months of age. Setting: Slum areas of Dhaka City in Bangladesh. Subjects: A total of 1654 newborn infants were enrolled at birth, and follow-up was completed for 1207 infants. Repeated anthropometric measurements and interviews of caretakers on infant feeding and morbidity were conducted. A mixed effects regression method was used for modeling infant growth. Results: After adjusting for other variables, mean differences in body weight by birth weight and length, small-for-gestational age and prematurity categories remained relatively constant throughout infancy. A positive impact of exclusive breastfeeding in the first 3 - 5 months on infant growth wasdetectable at 12 months of age. Although the bigger babies in the sample tended to grow relatively even bigger; exclusive breastfeeding appeared to counteract this pattern. Reported diarrhoea was associated with lower body weights and lengths even after adjusting for feeding patterns. Conclusions: Size at birth has an important role in determining growth during infancy. Effective strategies for improving birth weight, poorly addressed till now in Bangladesh, are needed. The sustained effect on growth and the even more beneficial effect in lighter infants are compelling reasons for promotion of exclusive breastfeeding in early infancy.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 09:58:18