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Titolo:
The rational peasant in China - Flexible adaptation, risk diversification and opportunity
Autore:
Keister, LA; Nee, VG;
Indirizzi:
Ohio State Univ, Columbus, OH 43210 USA Ohio State Univ Columbus OH USA 43210 State Univ, Columbus, OH 43210 USA Cornell Univ, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA Cornell Univ Ithaca NY USA 14853Cornell Univ, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
Titolo Testata:
RATIONALITY AND SOCIETY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 13, anno: 2001,
pagine: 33 - 69
SICI:
1043-4631(200102)13:1<33:TRPIC->2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MARKET TRANSITION; ECONOMY DEVELOP; URBAN CHINA; STRATIFICATION; MIGRATION; REFORM;
Keywords:
bounded rationality; household labor allocation; markets; migration; rural industry;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
62
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Keister, LA Ohio State Univ, Columbus, OH 43210 USA Ohio State Univ Columbus OH USA 43210 Columbus, OH 43210 USA
Citazione:
L.A. Keister e V.G. Nee, "The rational peasant in China - Flexible adaptation, risk diversification and opportunity", RATION SOC, 13(1), 2001, pp. 33-69

Abstract

A central component of economic development is the reallocation of household labor, typically from subsistence agriculture to nonfarm employment. This occurred in the advanced market economies during the Industrial Revolution, contributing to increases in agrarian and industrial productivity and raising standards of living dramatically. A similar process began in China inthe first decade of economic reform and has been central to the development of China's rural and urban economies. Despite its broad social implications, the process by which rural households allocate labor is not well understood. In this paper, we examine the strategies rural households used in theearly stages of China's economic reform as they adapted to fundamental changes in the institutional structures of the nation's agrarian economy. Using a large, national sample, we explore the degree to which households diversified labor efforts across types of non-farm work. We find that peasant households allocated labor to non-farm work only after subsistence needs weremet. We also observe that peasants generally responded to local and regional opportunities but that political capital, human capital, and cohort effects accounted for differences in household responses.

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Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 09:46:02