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Titolo:
Excuses and character: Personal and social implications of excuses
Autore:
Schlenker, BR; Pontari, BA; Christopher, AN;
Indirizzi:
Univ Florida, Dept Psychol, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA Univ Florida Gainesville FL USA 32611 Psychol, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA
Titolo Testata:
PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW
fascicolo: 1, volume: 5, anno: 2001,
pagine: 15 - 32
SICI:
1088-8683(2001)5:1<15:EACPAS>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CLAIMED SELF-HANDICAPS; TRIANGLE MODEL; MENTAL-HEALTH; ORGANIZATIONAL CONFLICT; IMPRESSION MANAGEMENT; LEARNED HELPLESSNESS; POSITIVE ILLUSIONS; PERFORMANCE; RESPONSIBILITY; ATTRIBUTIONS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
90
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Schlenker, BR Univ Florida, Dept Psychol, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA Univ Florida Gainesville FL USA 32611 esville, FL 32611 USA
Citazione:
B.R. Schlenker et al., "Excuses and character: Personal and social implications of excuses", PER SOC P R, 5(1), 2001, pp. 15-32

Abstract

Recent research has emphasized the effectiveness of excuses in protecting the self from the implications of failures and transgressions. The disadvantages of excuses have been relatively neglected. The triangle model of responsibility provides a conceptual framework to analyze how excuses disengagethe self from events and the conditions under which advantages and disadvantages accrue. On the disadvantage side, excuse-makers risk being seen as deceptive, self-absorbed, and ineffectual; they are viewed as unreliable social participants with flawed character: These undesired consequences resultwhen excuses are used in ways that lower credibility (e.g., fail to receive corroboration), lower goodwill (e.g., blame failures on team members), and produce long-term disengagement(e.g., lead to failures to correct personal deficiencies). It is proposed that excuses are effective in the long run only if they balance short-term disengagement of the self and long-term engagement. Excuses are especially problematic when used to disengage the selffrom important, recurring tasks.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 13/07/20 alle ore 06:58:23