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Titolo:
Reading too much between the lines: illusory correlation and the word association implications test
Autore:
Dollinger, SJ; Greening, L; Radtke, RC;
Indirizzi:
So Illinois Univ, Dept Psychol, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA So Illinois UnivCarbondale IL USA 62901 sychol, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA Univ Alabama, Dept Psychol, University, AL 35486 USA Univ Alabama University AL USA 35486 pt Psychol, University, AL 35486 USA
Titolo Testata:
PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
fascicolo: 5, volume: 30, anno: 2001,
pagine: 799 - 808
SICI:
0191-8869(20010405)30:5<799:RTMBTL>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; SAGACIOUS JUDGMENT; DISTINCTIVENESS; INTEGRATION;
Keywords:
word association; illusory correlation; priming; implication; schema; verbal reasoning;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Dollinger, SJ So Illinois Univ, Dept Psychol, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA So Illinois Univ Carbondale IL USA 62901 dale, IL 62901 USA
Citazione:
S.J. Dollinger et al., "Reading too much between the lines: illusory correlation and the word association implications test", PERS INDIV, 30(5), 2001, pp. 799-808

Abstract

We examined the illusory correlation phenomenon with the Word Association Implications Test (WAIT), a task where diagnoses and signs are causally connected due to priming effects. The WAIT is an analogue to clinical assessments in which subjects "read between the lines" of target persons' word associations which have been primed by fantasized scripts. 164 undergraduates were randomly assigned to study WAIT protocols with either 0, 30, 70, or 100% of the targets veridically identified. Following subjects' examination ofWAIT protocols, we assessed their incidental learning of valid diagnostic clues (i.e., their clue schemata). Subjects given no veridical diagnoses showed minimal incidental learning. However, those given 30, 70, and 100% veridical diagnoses showed equivalent incidental learning of diagnostic clues and all exceeded an intuition (no experience) comparison group. The resultssuggested that an illusory correlation operated even when clues and diagnoses have causal, not just contingent, connection. Successful judges must contend not only with others' tools for avoiding prediction but with their own tendencies to read too much between the lines. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 16:01:03