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Titolo:
The differential outcome effect as a useful tool to improve conditional discrimination learning in children
Autore:
Estevez, AF; Fuentes, LJ; Mari-Beffa, P; Gonzalez, C; Alvarez, D;
Indirizzi:
Univ Almeria, Dpto Psicol Expt & Psicobiol, Almeria 04120, Spain Univ Almeria Almeria Spain 04120 Expt & Psicobiol, Almeria 04120, Spain Univ Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales Univ Wales Bangor Gwynedd WalesUniv Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales
Titolo Testata:
LEARNING AND MOTIVATION
fascicolo: 1, volume: 32, anno: 2001,
pagine: 48 - 64
SICI:
0023-9690(200102)32:1<48:TDOEAA>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EXPECTANCIES; PERFORMANCE; PIGEONS; REINFORCEMENT; MEDIATORS;
Keywords:
differential outcome effect and children;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
18
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Estevez, AF Univ Almeria, Dpto Psicol Expt & Psicobiol, Almeria 04120, Spain Univ Almeria Almeria Spain 04120 obiol, Almeria 04120, Spain
Citazione:
A.F. Estevez et al., "The differential outcome effect as a useful tool to improve conditional discrimination learning in children", LEARN MOTIV, 32(1), 2001, pp. 48-64

Abstract

The differential outcome effect (DOE) refers to the increase in speed of acquisition and terminal accuracy that occurs in conditional discrimination learning when two or more stimuli are correlated with a particular outcome. Previous studies demonstrated the benefits of the DOE in preschool children. In two experiments we extended the DOE methodology to older children andtasks of different difficulty. Experiment 1 indicated that the DOE procedure improved conditional discrimination performance of 4- to 7-year-old children. However, this effect was not present in children aged 8 years. In Experiment 2, we increased the difficulty of the task and demonstrated that these children in the differential outcome condition performed significantly better on this complex version of the discriminative task than those in thematched control group. It is proposed that the DOE is a general effect that is not limited to early stages of development and that the difficulty of the task is an important variable to consider when a differential outcome procedure is used. (C) 2001 Academic Press.

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Documento generato il 02/07/20 alle ore 22:31:29