Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Motivational effects on inhibitory control in children with ADHD
Autore:
Slusarek, M; Velling, S; Bunk, D; Eggers, C;
Indirizzi:
Univ Essen Gesamthsch, Clin Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Essen, Germany Univ Essen Gesamthsch Essen Germany Adolescent Psychiat, Essen, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 40, anno: 2001,
pagine: 355 - 363
SICI:
0890-8567(200103)40:3<355:MEOICI>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; SUSTAINED ATTENTION; RESPONSE-INHIBITION; REWARD; TASK; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; REINFORCEMENT; PERFORMANCE; COMORBIDITY; AD/HD;
Keywords:
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; inhibitory control; stop-signal task; incentives; motivational psychology;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Slusarek, M Rhein Kliniken Essen, Postfach 103043, D-45030 Essen, Germany Rhein Kliniken Essen Postfach 103043 Essen Germany D-45030 ny
Citazione:
M. Slusarek et al., "Motivational effects on inhibitory control in children with ADHD", J AM A CHIL, 40(3), 2001, pp. 355-363

Abstract

Objective: The problems children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) encounter in tasks measuring inhibitory control are often theoretically related to deficits in cognitive processes. This study investigated the effects of different motivational incentives on the ability of children to inhibit intended or ongoing actions. Method: In a large German industrial town, 33 children with ADHD were compared with 33 members of a combined group of children with major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, oppositional defiant disorder, or conduct disorder, and 33 children without anypsychiatric disorder with respect to their performances in a stop-signal task. The children received continuous feedback under high- or low-incentiveconditions. The children's performance was compared in terms of qualitative (inhibition rate) and quantitative (reaction time) measures. Results: There were no indications of deficits in sustained attention in children with ADHD. Under conditions of low incentives, children with ADHD were less ableto inhibit their reactions and had longer stop-signal reaction times. But when given high incentives, children with ADHD performed the task as well as both other groups. Conclusions: Supposed deficits in children with ADHD should be regarded from a perspective that differentiates performance from ability. Furthermore, the findings support a motivational explanation of theorigins of lowered inhibitory control in children with ADHD.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/10/20 alle ore 14:08:30