Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 infections in HIV-Infected individuals from Santos, Brazil: Seroprevalence and risk factors
Autore:
Etzel, A; Shibata, GY; Rozman, M; Jorge, MLSG; Damas, CD; Segurado, AAC;
Indirizzi:
Sao Paulo State Hlth Secretariat, Sao Paulo, Brazil Sao Paulo State Hlth Secretariat Sao Paulo Brazil at, Sao Paulo, Brazil Santos AIDS Reference Ctr, Santos, Brazil Santos AIDS Reference Ctr Santos Brazil S Reference Ctr, Santos, Brazil Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Infect Dis, Virol Lab LIM 52, Sao Paulo, Brazil Univ Sao Paulo Sao Paulo Brazil is, Virol Lab LIM 52, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES
fascicolo: 2, volume: 26, anno: 2001,
pagine: 185 - 190
SICI:
1525-4135(20010201)26:2<185:HAHIIH>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CELL LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS; INTRAVENOUS-DRUG-USERS; TYPE-1 HTLV-1; II INFECTION; BLOOD-DONORS; COINFECTION; SEROEPIDEMIOLOGY; TRANSMISSION; INDIANS; JAMAICA;
Keywords:
HTLV-1; HTLV-2; HIV; seroprevalence; risk factors; Brazil;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Segurado, AAC Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar 470, BR-05403000 Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil Av Dr Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar 470 Sao Carlos SP Brazil BR-05403000 BC
Citazione:
A. Etzel et al., "HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 infections in HIV-Infected individuals from Santos, Brazil: Seroprevalence and risk factors", J ACQ IMM D, 26(2), 2001, pp. 185-190

Abstract

Because HTLV-1, HTLV-2, and HIV share identical modes of transmission, simultaneous or subsequent infections with these retroviruses are to be expected. The population of Santos, the largest port in Latin America, includes large numbers of female commercial sex workers and intravenous drug users, presumably having been exposed to retroviral infection. To evaluate the seroprevalence of HTLV infection and their associated risk factors, a cross-sectional survey was carried out in 499 HIV-infected individuals from Santos, Brazil. HTLV testing consisted of enzyme immunoassays for serologic screening and confirmatory Western blot testing. Overall HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 seroprevalences were 6.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.9-8.1) and 7.4% (95% CI, 5.1-9.7), respectively. Multivariate logistic regression for statistical analysis revealed HTLV-1 infection to be independently associated with: intravenous drug use (IDU) (odds ratio [OR]. 2.99; 95% CI, 1.09-8.20), seropositivity to hepatitis C virus (HCV) (OR, 3.03; 95% CI, 1.02-9.01) and < 3 years of education (OR, 4.73; 95% CZ, 1.56-14.41). HTLV-2 infection was associated with: IDU (OR, 3.22; 95% CI, 1.33-7.84), HCV seropositivity (OR, 5.40; 95% CI, 1.86-15.66) and nonwhite race (OR, 3.32; 95% CI, 1.58-7.00). Results indicate that HIV-infected individuals living in Santos are at similarly high risk of bring exposed to HTLV-1 and HTLV-2. IDU constitutes the mainrisk factor for HTLV acquisition in this population, and there is no significant risk associated with sexual practice.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 10:04:43