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Titolo:
Physical activity and dietary fiber determine population body fat levels: the Seven Countries Study
Autore:
Kromhout, D; Bloemberg, B; Seidell, JC; Nissinen, A; Menotti, A;
Indirizzi:
Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Div Publ Hlth Res, NL-3720 BA Bilthoven, Netherlands Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm Bilthoven Netherlands NL-3720 BA herlands Univ Kuopio, Dept Publ Hlth & Gen Practice, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland UnivKuopio Kuopio Finland FIN-70211 Practice, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland Kuopio Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, SF-70210 Kuopio, Finland Kuopio Univ Hosp Kuopio Finland SF-70210 eurol, SF-70210 Kuopio, Finland Univ Minnesota, Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota Minneapolis MN USA 55455 demiol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 25, anno: 2001,
pagine: 301 - 306
SICI:
0307-0565(200103)25:3<301:PAADFD>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ENERGY DENSITY; WEIGHT-GAIN; OBESITY; EPIDEMIOLOGY; INDEX; WOMEN;
Keywords:
body fat; body mass index; skinfold thickness; physical activity; dietary fat; dietary fiber; ecologic analysis;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kromhout, D Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Div Publ Hlth Res, POB 1, NL-3720 BA Bilthoven, Netherlands Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm POB 1 Bilthoven Netherlands NL-3720 BA
Citazione:
D. Kromhout et al., "Physical activity and dietary fiber determine population body fat levels: the Seven Countries Study", INT J OBES, 25(3), 2001, pp. 301-306

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A global epidemic of obesity is developing. Current prevalencerates are about 20-25% in American adults and 15-20% in Europeans. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between population levels of physical activity, dietary fat, dietary fiber and indicators of body fat. DESIGN: Cross-cultural study of 16 cohorts of, in total, 12 763 middle-aged men in seven countries. These men were examined between 1958 and 1964. MEASUREMENTS: Height, weight and subscapular skinfold thickness were measured. Information about job-related physical activity and diet was gathered by questionnaire. RESULTS: The population average body mass index (weight/height(2)) varied between 21.8 and 26.0 kg/m(2) and the population average subscapular skinfold thickness between 8.4 and 23.7 mm. The population average physical activity index and dietary fiber intake were both strongly inversely related to population average subscapular skinfold thickness and explained together 90% of the variance in subscapular skinfold thickness. Similar but less strong results were obtained for average population body mass index. CONCLUSION: At the population level job-related physical activity and dietary fiber but not dietary fat, are important determinants of subscapular skinfold thickness.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/01/20 alle ore 15:27:21