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Titolo:
Neural-epithelial cell interplay: In vitro evidence that vagal mediators increase PGE(2) production by human nasal epithelial cells
Autore:
Jallat-Daloz, I; Cognard, JL; Badet, JM; Regnard, J;
Indirizzi:
Fac Med, Physiol Lab, F-25030 Besancon, France Fac Med Besancon France F-25030 d, Physiol Lab, F-25030 Besancon, France
Titolo Testata:
ALLERGY AND ASTHMA PROCEEDINGS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 22, anno: 2001,
pagine: 17 - 23
SICI:
1088-5412(200101/02)22:1<17:NCIIVE>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN AIRWAYS; IN-VITRO; HISTAMINE; INFLAMMATION; SENSITIVITY; CYTOKINES; RELEASE; ACID; RATS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jallat-Daloz, I Fac Med, Physiol Lab, Pl St Jacques, F-25030 Besancon, France Fac Med Pl St Jacques Besancon France F-25030 con, France
Citazione:
I. Jallat-Daloz et al., "Neural-epithelial cell interplay: In vitro evidence that vagal mediators increase PGE(2) production by human nasal epithelial cells", ALL ASTH P, 22(1), 2001, pp. 17-23

Abstract

During inflammatory states, airway epithelial cells are stimulated by various proinflammatory mediators to synthesize paracrine mediators including prostaglandin E-2, which likely contributes to the recurrence of allergic inflammation. We studied the effects of acetylcholine (ACh) and substance P (SP) on PGE(2) release because these two neuromediators are widely involved in airway inflammation, e.g., to trigger mucosal vasodilation and plasma exudation. PGE, release was studied at baseline and after addition of ACh andSP (10(-10) to 10(-7) M) in primary cultures of human nasal epithelial cells from control mucosa, inflammatory non-atopic mucosa and inflammatory atopic mucosa. The mediators' effects on COX 2 mRNA were assessed by Nor-them blotting. We also tested the effect of atropine and SR140333, inhibitors ofACh and SP, respectively. The spontaneous release of PGE(2) was about three times higher in cells from atopic subjects. ACh and SP markedly increasedPGE(2) release (by more than 1.5 times) and this effect tvas similar whether the sampled tissues were inflammatory or not. In cells from atopic subjects this neuromediator effect led to a fivefold increase in PGE(2) release,as compared to baseline production by cells from control mucosa. This stimulation of PGE(2) release by neural mediators was inhibited by specific antagonists. ACh and SP increased COX 2 mRNA in the three groups. Thus, neuromediators can bolster PGE(2) production in the airway, likely reinforcing inflammation. In conclusion, these data provide evidence that the interplay of nerve fibers and airway epithelial cells is likely important in inflammatory conditions as, e.g., allergy and asthma.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/10/20 alle ore 10:10:05