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Titolo:
Human epidermal Langerhans' cells are targets for the immunosuppressive macrolide tacrolimus (FK506)
Autore:
Panhans-Gross, A; Novak, N; Kraft, S; Bieber, T;
Indirizzi:
Univ Bonn, Dept Dermatol, D-53105 Bonn, Germany Univ Bonn Bonn Germany D-53105 onn, Dept Dermatol, D-53105 Bonn, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 107, anno: 2001,
pagine: 345 - 352
SICI:
0091-6749(200102)107:2<345:HELCAT>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FC-EPSILON-RI; ANTIGEN-PRESENTING FUNCTIONS; T-HELPER TYPE-2; ATOPIC-DERMATITIS; CYCLOSPORINE-A; TOPICAL FK506; MAST-CELLS; FK-506; SKIN; OINTMENT;
Keywords:
atopic dermatitis; beta-methasone valerate; costimulatory molecules; dendritic cells; FK506; FKBP; skin immune system;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Bieber, T Univ Bonn, Dept Dermatol, Sigmund Freud Str 25, D-53105 Bonn, Germany Univ Bonn Sigmund Freud Str 25 Bonn Germany D-53105 nn, Germany
Citazione:
A. Panhans-Gross et al., "Human epidermal Langerhans' cells are targets for the immunosuppressive macrolide tacrolimus (FK506)", J ALLERG CL, 107(2), 2001, pp. 345-352

Abstract

Background: The immunosuppressive macrolide tacrolimus (FK506) has been shown to inhibit allergic contact dermatitis in animal models as well as in human beings. More recently, successful treatment of atopic dermatitis with an ointment containing tacrolimus has been reported. Objectives: We explored the effects of this compound on epidermal Langerhans' cells (LCs), which are known to play an important pathophysiologic rolein inflammatory skin diseases. Methods: The expression of the intracellular FK506 binding protein (FKBP12) was monitored on freshly isolated and cultured epidermal LCs. Phenotypingand functional exploration of LCs treated with different concentrations oftacrolimus and beta -methasone valerate (beta Mv) were performed. Results: FKBP12 is expressed in freshly isolated LCs but is lost while they are maturating into mature dendritic cells. Tacrolimus inhibited the expression of IL-2R (CD25) and of the costimulatory molecules CD80 (B7.1) and CD40, Expression of MHC class I and II was also affected, whereas (3D86 (B7.2) expression was not altered. In contrast, beta Mv strongly increased the expression of CD25. Paradoxically, while decreasing CD40 and MHC class I expression, beta Mv significantly increased the expression of MHC class II, CD80, and CD86 on cultured LCs but impaired their allostimulatory activity. Tacrolimus was about 100 times more potent than beta Mv at inhibiting LC stimulatory function. Conclusion: Tacrolimus can exert immunopharmacologic alterations on LCs, which may account, at least in part, for the therapeutic effect of this compound in eczematous skin diseases.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 10:49:39