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Titolo:
Dissociation between 'theory of mind' and executive functions in a patientwith early left amygdala damage
Autore:
Fine, C; Lumsden, J; Blair, RJR;
Indirizzi:
Univ Coll London, Inst Cognit Neurosci, London WC1N 3AR, England Univ CollLondon London England WC1N 3AR rosci, London WC1N 3AR, England Univ Coll London, Dept Psychol, London WC1N 3AR, England Univ Coll LondonLondon England WC1N 3AR ychol, London WC1N 3AR, England Univ London Kings Coll, Inst Psychiat, London, England Univ London Kings Coll London England l, Inst Psychiat, London, England Broadmoor Hosp, Dept Neurophysiol, Crowthorne, Berks, England Broadmoor Hosp Crowthorne Berks England siol, Crowthorne, Berks, England
Titolo Testata:
BRAIN
, volume: 124, anno: 2001,
parte:, 2
pagine: 287 - 298
SICI:
0006-8950(200102)124:<287:DB'OMA>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FRONTAL-LOBE LESIONS; AUTISM; BRAIN; SCHIZOPHRENIA; CHILDREN; BEHAVIOR; COMPREHENSION; INTELLIGENCE; PRESCHOOLERS; RECOGNITION;
Keywords:
amygdala; theory of mind; executive functions;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
75
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Blair, RJR Univ Coll London, Inst Cognit Neurosci, Alexandra House,17 Queen Sq, London WC1N 3AR, England Univ Coll London Alexandra House,17 Queen SqLondon England WC1N 3AR
Citazione:
C. Fine et al., "Dissociation between 'theory of mind' and executive functions in a patientwith early left amygdala damage", BRAIN, 124, 2001, pp. 287-298

Abstract

There have been recent suggestions that the amygdala may be involved in the development or mediation of 'theory of mind'. We report a patient, B,M,, with early or congenital left amygdala damage who, by adulthood, had received the psychiatric diagnoses of schizophrenia and Asperger's syndrome. We conducted a series of experimental investigations to determine B,M,'s cognitive functioning, In line with his diagnoses, B,M, was found to be severely impaired in his ability to represent mental states. Following this, we conducted a second series of studies to determine B,M,'s executive functioning. In the literature, there have been frequent claims that theory of mind is mediated by general executive functioning. B,M, showed no indication of executive function impairment, passing 16 tests assessing his ability to inhibit dominant responses, create and maintain goal-related behaviours, and temporally sequence behaviour. The findings are discussed with reference to models regarding the role of the amygdala in the development of theory of mind and the degree of dissociation between theory of mind and executive functioning. We conclude that theory of mind is not simply a function of more general executive functions, and that executive functions can develop and function on-line, independently of theory of mind. Moreover, we conclude that the amygdala may play some role in the development of the circuitry mediating theory of mind.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 13:53:28