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Titolo:
The causal link between self-reported trauma and dissociation: a critical review
Autore:
Merckelbach, H; Muris, P;
Indirizzi:
Maastricht Univ, Dept Psychol, Maastricht, Netherlands Maastricht Univ Maastricht Netherlands Psychol, Maastricht, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 39, anno: 2001,
pagine: 245 - 254
SICI:
0005-7967(200103)39:3<245:TCLBST>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE; GENERAL-POPULATION; FANTASY PRONENESS; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; IMAGINATION INFLATION; EXPERIENCES SCALE; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; MEMORIES; RELIABILITY; VALIDITY;
Keywords:
dissociative experiences; trauma; fantasy proneness; memory;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
62
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Merckelbach, H Maastricht Univ, Dept Psychol, Maastricht, Netherlands Maastricht Univ Maastricht Netherlands icht, Netherlands
Citazione:
H. Merckelbach e P. Muris, "The causal link between self-reported trauma and dissociation: a critical review", BEHAV RES T, 39(3), 2001, pp. 245-254

Abstract

The idea that traumatic experiences cause dissociative symptoms is a recurrent theme in clinical literature. The present article summarizes evidence that cast doubts on the commonly voiced view that the connection between self-reported trauma and dissociation is a simple and robust one. It is argued that: (1) the correlations between self-reported traumatic experiences and dissociative symptoms reported in the literature are, at best, modest; (2) other factors may act as a third variable in the relationship between trauma and dissociation; and (3) high scores on the Dissociative Experiences Scale are accompanied by fantasy proneness, heightened suggestibility, and susceptibility to pseudomemories. These correlates of dissociation may promote a positive response bias to retrospective self-report instruments of traumatic experiences. Thus, the possibility that dissociation encourages self-reported traumatic experiences rather than vice versa merits investigation. While attractive, simple models in which trauma directly causes dissociation are unlikely to be true. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/11/20 alle ore 07:12:37