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Titolo:
Subgroups of styles of coping with chronic tinnitus: a cluster-analytic taxonomy
Autore:
Jager, B; Lamprecht, F;
Indirizzi:
Med Hsch Hannover, Abt Psychosomat & Psychotherapie, D-30625 Hannover, Germany Med Hsch Hannover Hannover Germany D-30625 ie, D-30625 Hannover, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KLINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE UND PSYCHOTHERAPIE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 30, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1 - 9
SICI:
1616-3443(2001)30:1<1:SOSOCW>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Keywords:
tinnitus; personality characteristics; coping; cluster analysis;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jager, B Med Hsch Hannover, Abt Psychosomat & Psychotherapie, Carl NeubergStr 1, D-30625 Hannover, Germany Med Hsch Hannover Carl Neuberg Str 1 Hannover Germany D-30625 ny
Citazione:
B. Jager e F. Lamprecht, "Subgroups of styles of coping with chronic tinnitus: a cluster-analytic taxonomy", Z KLIN P P, 30(1), 2001, pp. 1-9

Abstract

Background: About 20% of patients with chronic tinnitus experience secondary symptoms such as insomnia, depression, and suicidality. Up until now it has remained unclear which patients' characteristics differentiate between patients who do well or badly. Objective: Can subgroups be identified within the entire group of chronically ill tinnitus patients? Do these subgroups differ. with respect to illness sequelae acid coping abilities? Methods: 255 patients with chronic tinnitus were seen in the psychosomaticconsultation service of the Hannover Medical School; 219 of them were cluster analyzed to examine whether different subgroups, divided according to personality factors, experience different degrees of impairment due to the tinnitus. A six-cluster solution allowed a reclassification rate of 94.5% ofcases by discriminant analysis. Results: Depressed patients with many daily life burdens and low self-efficacy as well as patients with low life satisfication and marital problems were most afflicted by the tinnitus. Comparatively good coping was shown by patients with low emotionality, high life satisfaction, and high self-efficacy who were rather composed. The audiometric properties of tinnitus hardlydiffered between the groups. Conclusions: Despite certain limitations the results support a diathesis-stress model of chronic tinnitus. Such a model should influence treatment tofocus on difficulties and problems of the patients' lives other than on the tinnitus. Key words: Tinnitus, personality characteristics, coping, cluster analysis.

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Documento generato il 22/01/20 alle ore 06:39:41