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Titolo:
Respiratory markers of conversational interaction
Autore:
McFarland, DH;
Indirizzi:
Univ Montreal, Fac Med, Montreal, PQ H3P 3J7, Canada Univ Montreal Montreal PQ Canada H3P 3J7 ed, Montreal, PQ H3P 3J7, Canada
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 44, anno: 2001,
pagine: 128 - 143
SICI:
1092-4388(200102)44:1<128:RMOCI>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SPOKEN LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION; PRIMATE RED NUCLEUS; SOCIAL-INTERACTION; CHEST-WALL; SPEECH PRODUCTION; HEALTHY-SUBJECTS; MUSCLE-ACTIVITY; NEURAL CONTROL; VOCAL ACTIVITY; RIB CAGE;
Keywords:
conversational turn taking; interactional synchrony; speech production and perception; social interaction; respiratory function;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
72
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: McFarland, DH Univ Montreal, Fac Med, CP 6128,Succursale Ctr Ville, Montreal, PQ H3P 3J7, Canada Univ Montreal CP 6128,Succursale Ctr Ville Montreal PQ Canada H3P 3J7
Citazione:
D.H. McFarland, "Respiratory markers of conversational interaction", J SPEECH L, 44(1), 2001, pp. 128-143

Abstract

Respiratory movements were recorded from 10 dyads (20 subjects) during quiet breathing, reading aloud, spontaneous monologue, scripted dialog, and spontaneous conversation. Timing measures of inspiratory, expiratory, and total cycle duration were used to compare respiratory function during quiet breathing, listening, and speech. Cross-correlation analyses of the respiratory movements of conversational partners provided an index of conversationalsynchrony Inspiratory duration was found to be the most consistent and sensitive measure for discriminating quiet breathing from speech breathing. Inthe scripted dialog and spontaneous conversation conditions, respiratory kinematics changed during listening to more closely resemble speech, and systematic changes were observed in anticipation of turn-taking speech onset. For the breathing cycles immediately surrounding turn changes and simultaneously produced vocal events, the kinematic signals of conversational partners were strongly correlated. Results are discussed in the context of similar findings concerning conversational interactions and motor preparation forspeech.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 15:17:01