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Titolo:
Oral motor parafunctions among heavy drug addicts and their effects on signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders
Autore:
Winocur, E; Gavish, A; Volfin, G; Halachmi, M; Gazit, E;
Indirizzi:
Tel Aviv Univ, Maurice & Gabriela Goldschleger Sch Dent Med, Dept Occlus &Behav Sci, IL-69978 Tel Aviv, Israel Tel Aviv Univ Tel Aviv Israel IL-69978 av Sci, IL-69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF OROFACIAL PAIN
fascicolo: 1, volume: 15, anno: 2001,
pagine: 56 - 63
SICI:
1064-6655(200124)15:1<56:OMPAHD>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RHYTHMIC JAW MOVEMENTS; BRUXISM SECONDARY; CLINICAL-TRIAL; SLEEP BRUXISM; GUINEA-PIG; PATHOPHYSIOLOGY; EPIDEMIOLOGY; EXPOSURE; DOPAMINE; NUCLEUS;
Keywords:
substance-abuse disorders; bruxism; oral motor parafunctions; temporomandibular disorders;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Gazit, E Tel Aviv Univ, Maurice & Gabriela Goldschleger Sch Dent Med, DeptOcclus &Behav Sci, IL-69978 Tel Aviv, Israel Tel Aviv Univ Tel Aviv Israel IL-69978 L-69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
Citazione:
E. Winocur et al., "Oral motor parafunctions among heavy drug addicts and their effects on signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders", J OROFAC P, 15(1), 2001, pp. 56-63

Abstract

Aims: To investigate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), bruxism, and other oval habits among drug addicts compared to a normal, non-addicted, matched control population, and to assess the detrimental effectof long-term drug abuse on the parameters studied. Methods: Subjects included 55 drug-addicted patients (51 males and 4 females) randomly selected from long-term addicts using "hard" narcotics and attending a methadone maintenance center and a control group of 52 normal non-addicted individuals (48males and 4 females) matched to the addicts for age, gender, and socioeconomic status. A clinical examination and a questionnaire were used. One examiner deter mined that all questions were correctly understood and answered,and a second examiner performed the clinical examinations and was unaware of the results of the questionnaire. Results: The addicted group had a highprevalence of orofacial motor behavior (bruxing, clenching) as well as signs and symptoms of TMD (morning headache, joint noises, joins and masticatory muscle tenderness to palpation, and tooth wear) compared to the controls. Active (voluntary) jaw opening was significantly smaller, although withinan acceptable range when compared to the controls. Conclusion: Long-term drug abuse detrimentally affects the stomatognathic system, as expressed in a high prevalence of oral motor behavior and signs and symptoms of TMD.

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Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 16:09:06