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Titolo:
Fairness versus welfare
Autore:
Kaplow, L; Shavell, S;
Titolo Testata:
HARVARD LAW REVIEW
fascicolo: 4, volume: 114, anno: 2001,
pagine: 961 - 1388
SICI:
0017-811X(200102)114:4<961:FVW>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CIVIL PROCEDURE REFORM; COST-BENEFIT-ANALYSIS; MODERN TORT LAW; CORRECTIVE JUSTICE; ECONOMIC-ANALYSIS; LEGAL-SYSTEM; CRIMINAL-LAW; MASS TORTS; EMPIRICAL-ANALYSIS; STRICT LIABILITY;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
--discip_BC--
Citazioni:
897
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
L. Kaplow e S. Shavell, "Fairness versus welfare", HARV LAW RE, 114(4), 2001, pp. 961-1388

Abstract

The thesis of this Article is that the assessment of legal policies shoulddepend exclusively on their effects on individuals' welfare. In particularin the evaluation of legal policies, no independent weight should be accorded to conceptions of fairness, such as corrective justice and desert in punishment. (However the logic leading to this conclusion does not apply to concern about equity in the distribution of income, which is often discussedunder the rubric of fairness. )Our analysis begins with the argument that, when the choice of legal rulesis bared even in part on notions of fairness, individuals tend to be made worse off Indeed, if any notion fairness is ascribed evaluative weight, everyone will necessarily be male worse off in some situations. Moreover, whenme examine principles of fairness and the literature that advances them, we find it difficult to identify reasons that, on reflection, justify granting importance to these principles at the expense of individuals' well-being. Nevertheless, policy analysts and the population at large obviously find notions of fairness appealing. We conjecture that the notions' attractiveness is rooted in several factors. Namely, individuals who believe in ideas offairness tend to behave better toward others; the notions may serve a proxy goals for instrumental objectives; and individuals may have a taste for satisfaction of the notions. Furthermore, each of these factors is a reason that notions of fairness ave relevant under a welfare-oriented normative approach to social decisionmaking. As we explain, however, none of these factors warrants treating notions of fairness as independent evaluative principles. We develop our thesis through consideration of specific conceptions of fairness that are employed in major areas of the later: torts, contracts, legal procedure, and law enforcement. We also discuss the implications of our analysis for our primary audience, legal academics and other legal policy analysts, as well as for government officials, notably, legislators, regulators, and judges.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 20:28:42