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Titolo:
Two cortical areas mediate multisensory integration in superior colliculusneurons
Autore:
Jiang, W; Wallace, MT; Jiang, H; Vaughan, JW; Stein, BE;
Indirizzi:
Wake Forest Univ, Bowman Gray Sch Med, Dept Neurobiol & Anat, Winston Salem, NC 27157 USA Wake Forest Univ Winston Salem NC USA 27157 , Winston Salem, NC 27157 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 85, anno: 2001,
pagine: 506 - 522
SICI:
0022-3077(200102)85:2<506:TCAMMI>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ANTERIOR ECTOSYLVIAN SULCUS; SOMATOSENSORY CORTEX; RESPONSE PROPERTIES; CEREBRAL-CORTEX; SENSORY INPUTS; EYE-MOVEMENT; VISUAL AREA; CAT; PROJECTIONS; ORGANIZATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
59
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jiang, W Wake Forest Univ, Bowman Gray Sch Med, Dept Neurobiol & Anat, Winston Salem, NC 27157 USA Wake Forest Univ Winston Salem NC USA 27157 Salem, NC 27157 USA
Citazione:
W. Jiang et al., "Two cortical areas mediate multisensory integration in superior colliculusneurons", J NEUROPHYS, 85(2), 2001, pp. 506-522

Abstract

The majority of multisensory neurons in the cat superior colliculus (SC) are able to synthesize cross-modal cues (e.g., visual and auditory) and thereby produce responses greater than those elicited by the most effective single modality stimulus and, sometimes, greater than those predicted by the arithmetic sum of their modality-specific responses. The present study examined the role of corticotectal inputs from two cortical areas, the anterior ectosylvian sulcus (AES) and the rostral aspect of the lateral suprasylviansulcus (rLS), in producing these response enhancements. This was accomplished by evaluating the multisensory properties of individual SC neurons during reversible deactivation of these cortices individually and in combination using cryogenic deactivation techniques. Cortical deactivation eliminatedthe characteristic multisensory response enhancement of nearly all SC neurons but generally had little or no effect on a neuron's modality-specific responses. Thus, the responses of SC neurons to combinations of cross-modal stimuli were now no different from those evoked by one or the other of these stimuli individually. Of the two cortical areas, AES had a much greater impact on SC multisensory integrative processes, with nearly half the SC neurons sampled dependent on it alone. In contrast, only a small number of SC neurons depended solely on rLS. However, most SC neurons exhibited dual dependencies, and their multisensory enhancement was mediated by either synergistic or redundant influences from AES and rLS. Corticotectal synergy was evident when deactivating either cortical area compromised the multisensory enhancement of an SC neuron, whereas corticotectal redundancy was evident when deactivation of both cortical areas was required to produce this effect. The results suggest that, although multisensory SC neurons can be createdas a consequence of a variety of converging tectopetal afferents that are derived from a host of subcortical and cortical structures, the ability to synthesize cross-modal inputs, and thereby produce an enhanced multisensoryresponse, requires functional inputs from the AES, the rLS, or both.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 22:37:57