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Titolo:
Hormonal status of maize initial explants and of the embryogenic and non-embryogenic callus cultures derived from them as related to morphogenesis invitro
Autore:
Jimenez, VM; Bangerth, F;
Indirizzi:
Univ Hohenheim, Inst Obst Gemuse & Weinbau 370, D-70593 Stuttgart, GermanyUniv Hohenheim Stuttgart Germany D-70593 370, D-70593 Stuttgart, Germany
Titolo Testata:
PLANT SCIENCE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 160, anno: 2001,
pagine: 247 - 257
SICI:
0168-9452(20010105)160:2<247:HSOMIE>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ZEA-MAYS-L; SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS; PLANT-REGENERATION; IMMATURE EMBRYOS; TISSUE-CULTURES; II CALLUS; GENOTYPE; GROWTH; ESTABLISHMENT; METABOLISM;
Keywords:
phytohormones; radio-immunoassay; somatic embryogenesis; in vitro culture; Zea mays (L.);
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Bangerth, F Univ Hohenheim, Inst Obst Gemuse & Weinbau 370, D-70593 Stuttgart, Germany Univ Hohenheim Stuttgart Germany D-70593 Stuttgart, Germany
Citazione:
V.M. Jimenez e F. Bangerth, "Hormonal status of maize initial explants and of the embryogenic and non-embryogenic callus cultures derived from them as related to morphogenesis invitro", PLANT SCI, 160(2), 2001, pp. 247-257

Abstract

Endogenous hormone levels (indole-3-acetic acid [IAA], abscisic acid [ABA], gibberellins(1,3) and (20) [GAs], zeatin/zeatin riboside [Z/ZR] and N-6[Delta (2)-isopentenyl] adenine/N-6[Delta (2)-isopentenyl] adenosine; [iP/iPA]) were analysed in immature maize zygotic embryos of two maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes, known for their distinct ability to generate embryogenic (E) callus. No differences were found among genotypes in the hormone contents of the embryos. These embryos were also used as initial explants to establish callus cultures. E and non-embryogenic (NE) calli were obtained from the competent genotype (A188), while only NE callus was produced by the incompetent one (B73). The morphogenetic competence of each callus type was evaluated by transferring some segments to regeneration conditions. When analysing the endogenous hormone levels in the various callus types generated in each genotype, it was found that only differences in the IAA levels accountedfor variations in the morphogenic properties of the calli. Higher levels of endogenous IAA were typical of embryogenic callus cultures. It was also observed, that a loss in the embryogenic competence of the calli, due to a prolonged time of culture, occurred concomitantly with a reduction in the IAA levels, practically to the levels found in the non-embryogenic calli. (C)2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/09/20 alle ore 03:19:41