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Titolo:
Health effects of air pollution exposure on children and adolescents in Sao Paulo, Brazil
Autore:
Braga, ALF; Saldiva, PHN; Pereira, LAA; Menezes, JJC; Conceicao, GMS; Lin, CA; Zanobetti, A; Schwartz, J; Dockery, DW;
Indirizzi:
Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Environm Epidemiol Program, Dept Environm Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02115 Dept Environm Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA Univ Santo Amaro, Sch Med, Dept Pediat, Environm Pediat Program, Sao Paulo, Brazil Univ Santo Amaro Sao Paulo Brazil onm Pediat Program, Sao Paulo, Brazil Univ Santo Amaro, Sch Med, Dept Pathol, Lab Expt Air Pollut, Sao Paulo, Brazil Univ Santo Amaro Sao Paulo Brazil ab Expt Air Pollut, Sao Paulo, Brazil Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Physiol Program, Dept Environm Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02115 Dept Environm Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA
Titolo Testata:
PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 31, anno: 2001,
pagine: 106 - 113
SICI:
8755-6863(200102)31:2<106:HEOAPE>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INFANT-MORTALITY; RESPIRATORY HEALTH; UNITED-STATES; ASSOCIATION; PHILADELPHIA; PARTICLES; GROWTH;
Keywords:
air pollution; respiratory diseases; hospital admissions; children; adolescents; health effects;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Braga, ALF Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Environm Epidemiol Program, Dept Environm Hlth, 665 Huntington Ave,Bldg I,Room 1414, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ 665 Huntington Ave,Bldg I,Room 1414 Boston MA USA 02115
Citazione:
A.L.F. Braga et al., "Health effects of air pollution exposure on children and adolescents in Sao Paulo, Brazil", PEDIAT PULM, 31(2), 2001, pp. 106-113

Abstract

Children and adolescents have been considered more susceptible to the effects of air pollution than adults. In order to investigate the responses of children of different ages to air pollution exposure, daily records or hospital admissions for children in five age groups (equal or less than 2 yearsof age, 3-5, 6-13, 14-19, and all ages together, i.e., from 0-19 years of age) were obtained from January 1993 to November 1997 in Sao Paulo, Brazil,and were compared to daily records of PM10, O-3, SO2, CO and NO2 concentrations in ambient air. For each age group a generalized additive Poisson regression was fitted controlling for smooth functions of time, temperature, humidity, and days of the week, with an additional indicator for holidays. Polynomial distributed lag models were used to estimate the 7-day cumulativeeffect of each pollutant. Children 2 years or less were the most susceptible to the effects of all five pollutants with an increase of 9.4% (95% CI: 7.9,10.9) in respiratory admissions associated with each interquartile range increase in PM10. The oldest group was the second most susceptible to air pollutants, with each interquartile range increase in PM10 associated with a 5.1% (95% CI: 0.3,9.8) increase in respiratory admissions. An interquartile range increase in CO was associated with an 11.3% (95% CI: 5.9,16.8) increase in respiratory hospitalizations. When a multipollutant model was used, the effect of PM10 on respiratory admissions for all ages together was unchanged, while the SOP and the other pollutants effect was substantially reduced. This study showed that daily respiratory hospital admissions for children and adolescents in Sao Paulo increased with air pollution, and that the largest effects were found for the youngest (2 years or less) and oldest (14-19 years) age groups. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2001; 31:106-113. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 12/12/19 alle ore 09:56:52