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Titolo:
Temperature-dependent separation of a delayed-onset long-lasting enhancement mediated by coactivation of NMDA and metabotropic glutamate receptors following a transient exposure of extracellular high Ca2+
Autore:
Yang, SN;
Indirizzi:
Natl Def Med Ctr, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Tokyo 114, Japan Natl Def Med Ctr Tokyo Japan 114 ept Physiol & Biophys, Tokyo 114, Japan
Titolo Testata:
NEUROSCIENCE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 102, anno: 2001,
pagine: 281 - 287
SICI:
0306-4522(2001)102:2<281:TSOADL>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HAMSTER HIPPOCAMPAL SLICE; TERM POTENTIATION; RAT HIPPOCAMPUS; CALCIUM; NEURONS; INJURY; LTP; CA1; ACTIVATION;
Keywords:
hamster; hippocampus; hypothermia; NMDA receptor; metabotropic glutamate receptor;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Yang, SN Natl Def Med Ctr, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Tokyo 114, Japan Natl Def Med Ctr Tokyo Japan 114 ol & Biophys, Tokyo 114, Japan
Citazione:
S.N. Yang, "Temperature-dependent separation of a delayed-onset long-lasting enhancement mediated by coactivation of NMDA and metabotropic glutamate receptors following a transient exposure of extracellular high Ca2+", NEUROSCIENC, 102(2), 2001, pp. 281-287

Abstract

Transient increases in the concentration of extracellular Ca2+ play an essential role in various physiological and/ or pathological implications. Here the effect of low temperatures on synaptic transmission modulated by a brief increase in extracellular high Ca2+ was studied in CA1 area of hippocampal slices from hamsters. A high Ca2+ pulse (4.5 mM) induced a long-lastingenhancement at 25, 20, or 17 degreesC, but not at 15 degreesC. While the temperature was lowered to 17 degreesC, the overall expression of synaptic responses following a high Ca2+ pulse was separated into two sequential enhanced components: an initial component (approximately 30-40 min in duration), followed by a delayed-onset component that was sustained throughout the remainder of the experiment. Application of 100 muM D-2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate. a selective antagonist of N-methyl-D-asparate receptors, or (RS)-alpha -Methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine, a selective antagonist of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, during a high Ca2+ pulse at 17 degreesC blocked the development of the delayed-onset enhanced component without affecting the initial enhanced component significantly. In contrast, the application of D-2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate or (RS)-alpha -Methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine immediately after a high Ca2+ pulse at 17 degreesC had no discernible effects: on the development of both components. These results indicate that low temperatures (e.g. 17 degreesC) unmasked two enhanced components that cannot be seen as separate components in the overall potentiation, while long-lasting enhancement was generated at higher, temperatures (e.g. 25 degreesC). The development of the delayed-onset enhanced component primarily depended on coactivation of N-methyl-D-asparate and mGlu receptors during a high Ca2+ challenge at 17 degreesC. The findings here may provide new understanding of the use of low temperatures and promise significant insight into a novel therapeutic intervention in the CNS while the glutamatergic signaling pathway is abnormally activated by certain ambient insults, such us transient increases in the concentration of extracellular Ca2+. (C) 2001 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.

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Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 02:16:42