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Titolo:
Rapid methods to determine potentially mineralizable nitrogen in broiler litter
Autore:
Qafoku, OS; Cabrera, ML; Windham, WR; Hill, NS;
Indirizzi:
Univ Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 USA Univ Georgia Athens GA USA 30602Univ Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 USA Russell Res Ctr, Athens, GA 30605 USA Russell Res Ctr Athens GA USA 30605Russell Res Ctr, Athens, GA 30605 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 30, anno: 2001,
pagine: 217 - 221
SICI:
0047-2425(200101/02)30:1<217:RMTDPM>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INFRARED REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY; POULTRY LITTER; ANIMAL WASTES; CARBON; SPECTROPHOTOMETRY; AVAILABILITY; INDEXES; MANURE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Cabrera, ML Univ Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 USA Univ Georgia Athens GA USA30602 eorgia, Athens, GA 30602 USA
Citazione:
O.S. Qafoku et al., "Rapid methods to determine potentially mineralizable nitrogen in broiler litter", J ENVIR Q, 30(1), 2001, pp. 217-221

Abstract

Although broiler (chicken, Callus gallus domesticus) litter has long been used as a fertilizer, estimating the rate required to supply a desired amount of plant-available N is still hampered by the lack of rapid methods to estimate potentially mineralizable nitrogen (PMN). Previous research has suggested that near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) and certain poultry litter characteristics, such as water-soluble organic nitrogen (WSON), may be useful for estimating PMN, The objectives of this study were to evaluate NIRS and WSON as tools to estimate PMN in broiler litter. Sixty sieved (2 mm) and freeze-dried broiler litter samples were mixed with Cowarts sandy loam soil (fine-loamy, kaolinitic, thermic Typic Kanhapludult) and incubated at 25 degreesC for 112 d. Cumulative net N mineralized with time was fitted to a single-pool exponential model to determine PMN for each broiler litter sample. The PMN values obtained were regressed against NIRS (780 to 2500 nm) and WSON measurements. We found strong relationships between measured- and NIRS-predicted PMN (R-2 = 0.82), and between measured PMN and WSON (R-2 = 0.87). These results demonstrate the feasibility of using either of these two methods to estimate PMN in broiler litter. Future work should Further test both methods for their ability to estimate mineralizable N in whole, moist broiler litter under field conditions.

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Documento generato il 02/04/20 alle ore 13:00:30