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Titolo:
A review of the nonmedical use of ketamine: Use, users and consequences
Autore:
Jansen, KLR;
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS
fascicolo: 4, volume: 32, anno: 2000,
pagine: 419 - 433
SICI:
0279-1072(200010/12)32:4<419:AROTNU>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NMDA ANTAGONIST NEUROTOXICITY; EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY PET; D-ASPARTATE-RECEPTOR; HEALTHY-VOLUNTEERS; PREFRONTAL CORTEX; CEREBRAL-CORTEX; INTRAMUSCULAR KETAMINE; INDUCED PSYCHOSIS; CORTICAL-NEURONS; DEATH EXPERIENCE;
Keywords:
ketamine; NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors; near-death experience (NDE); phencyclidine (PCP); psychedelic; schizophrenia;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
155
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jansen, KLR 40 Belsize Pk, London NW3 4EE, England 40 Belsize Pk London England NW3 4EE London NW3 4EE, England
Citazione:
K.L.R. Jansen, "A review of the nonmedical use of ketamine: Use, users and consequences", J PSYCH DR, 32(4), 2000, pp. 419-433

Abstract

Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic with an accepted place in human medicine. Ketamine also has psychedelic properties, and there has been a recentincrease in nonmedical use linked with the growth of the "dance culture. " This has attracted little comment in the formal literature but has been thesubject of many reports in the media. Myths and misunderstandings are common. The psychedelic properties of ketamine have also led to its use as an adjunct to psychotherapy. This review is intended as a resource for the widerange of persons now requesting accurate information about the nonmedical use of ketamine. It accepts the current necessity of sometimes referring toanecdotal reports while seeking to encourage an increase in formal research. The review includes the history of ketamine, its growing role as a "dance drug," the sought-after effects (including the near-death experience) forwhich it is taken in a nonmedical context, how these are produced, common mental and physical adverse effects, and the ketamine model of schizophrenia.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 22:24:59