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Titolo:
A model system for the assessment of the effects of car and fuel green taxes on CO2 emission
Autore:
Hayashi, Y; Kato, H; Teodoro, RVR;
Indirizzi:
Nagoya Univ, Dept Geotechn & Environm Engn, Nagoya, Aichi 4648603, Japan Nagoya Univ Nagoya Aichi Japan 4648603 Engn, Nagoya, Aichi 4648603, Japan
Titolo Testata:
TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART D-TRANSPORT AND ENVIRONMENT
fascicolo: 2, volume: 6, anno: 2001,
pagine: 123 - 139
SICI:
1361-9209(200103)6:2<123:AMSFTA>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VEHICLES; DEMAND;
Keywords:
tax weight balance; emission reduction; car ownership; choice models; green tax;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
9
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hayashi, Y Nagoya Univ, Dept Geotechn & Environm Engn, Nagoya, Aichi 4648603, Japan Nagoya Univ Nagoya Aichi Japan 4648603 a, Aichi 4648603, Japan
Citazione:
Y. Hayashi et al., "A model system for the assessment of the effects of car and fuel green taxes on CO2 emission", TRANSP R D, 6(2), 2001, pp. 123-139

Abstract

This study aims at developing a model system to examine the changes in thecar market configuration, the life cycle CO2 emission from automobile transport and the tax revenues due to different taxation policies. The model system specifically determines the effect of varying the weights of the tax components in the stages of a) car purchasing, b) car owning, and c) car using to the changes in the car class and age mix and the car users' driving pattern and behavior towards car class choice and decommissioning. Five submodels comprise the model system, formulated using car ownership related data in Japan from 1980 to 1994. Performance tests conducted against the sub-models generally yielded encouraging results. The sensitivity analysis identified car usage tax as the most significant parameters in reducing CO2. An increase in, ownership tax, on the other hand, significantly results to a shift to smaller cars, while the propensity to decommission and repurchase can be reduced by increasing the purchase tax and can be decreased by increasing the ownership tax. The model system was utilized to determine the impact of the 1989 tax reform and to forecast future scenarios using different taxation schemes. The model system is being further developed for possible future application in other countries. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 02:51:43