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Titolo:
The impact of anxiety sensitivity, bodily expectations, and cultural beliefs on menstrual symptom reporting: A test of the menstrual reactivity hypothesis
Autore:
Sigmon, ST; Dorhofer, DM; Rohan, KJ; Boulard, NE;
Indirizzi:
Univ Maine, Dept Psychol, Orono, ME 04469 USA Univ Maine Orono ME USA 04469 iv Maine, Dept Psychol, Orono, ME 04469 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS
fascicolo: 6, volume: 14, anno: 2000,
pagine: 615 - 633
SICI:
0887-6185(200011/12)14:6<615:TIOASB>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PANIC DISORDER; QUESTIONNAIRE; DISTRACTION; INFORMATION; RUMINATION; SENSATIONS; DEPRESSION; ATTITUDES; WOMEN; MOOD;
Keywords:
menstrual reactivity; anxiety sensitivity;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Sigmon, ST Univ Maine, Dept Psychol, 5742 Little Hall, Orono, ME 04469 USAUniv Maine 5742 Little Hall Orono ME USA 04469 no, ME 04469 USA
Citazione:
S.T. Sigmon et al., "The impact of anxiety sensitivity, bodily expectations, and cultural beliefs on menstrual symptom reporting: A test of the menstrual reactivity hypothesis", J ANXIETY D, 14(6), 2000, pp. 615-633

Abstract

According to the menstrual reactivity hypothesis, certain women report more severe as well as a greater number of menstrual symptoms due to accurate reports of physical symptoms and expectations (e.g., cultural beliefs, sex roles, bodily sensations). To test this hypothesis and to further examine the role that anxiety sensitivity prays in menstrual symptom reporting, women varying in levels of anxiety sensitivity completed measures of sex role socialization, menstrual attitudes, bodily preoccupations, affect, and fear of illness. To assess psychophysiological reactivity and the applicability of response styles theory to individuals varying in anxiety sensitivity, skin conductance was measured as participants engaged in a rumination or distraction task. In addition, participants completed a modified Stroop task consisting of anxiety, menstrual, and neutral words followed by a surprise recognition task. Retrospectively and prospectively, women high in anxiety sensitivity consistently reported more severe menstrual symptoms. High anxiety sensitivity women also reported preoccupation with bodily sensations and more negative attitudes toward illness, but did not differ from low anxietysensitivity women on measures of menstrual attitudes or sex role socialization. While engaging in a rumination task, high anxiety sensitivity women exhibited more frequent skin conductance responses and greater skin conductance response magnitude than low anxiety sensitivity women. In addition, after the rumination task, high anxiety sensitivity women recognized more anxiety-related words from the Stroop task. Menstrual cycle phase had less of an impact than anxiety sensitivity level on the current results. Implications of these results for the menstrual reactivity hypothesis and rumination are discussed. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 14/08/20 alle ore 17:03:56