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Titolo:
Equitable cost-benefit analysis of climate change policies
Autore:
Tol, RSJ;
Indirizzi:
Univ Hamburg, Ctr Marine & Climate Studies, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany Univ Hamburg Hamburg Germany D-20146 e Studies, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Inst Environm Studies, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands Vrije Univ Amsterdam Amsterdam Netherlands NL-1081 HV erdam, Netherlands Carnegie Mellon Univ, Ctr Integrated Study Human Dimens Global Change, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Carnegie Mellon Univ Pittsburgh PA USA 15213 ge, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA
Titolo Testata:
ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 36, anno: 2001,
pagine: 71 - 85
SICI:
0921-8009(200101)36:1<71:ECAOCC>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CONTROLLING GREENHOUSE GASES; OPTIMAL TRANSITION PATH; ATMOSPHERIC CO2; EFFICIENCY; EMISSIONS; FUND; STABILIZATION; STRATEGIES; REDUCTION; TARGETS;
Keywords:
climate change; climate economics; greenhouse gas emission reduction; efficiency; equity; kant; rawls; no-envy; inequity aversion;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
53
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Tol, RSJ Univ Hamburg, Ctr Marine & Climate Studies, Bundesstr 55, D-20146Hamburg,Germany Univ Hamburg Bundesstr 55 Hamburg Germany D-20146 amburg,Germany
Citazione:
R.S.J. Tol, "Equitable cost-benefit analysis of climate change policies", ECOL ECON, 36(1), 2001, pp. 71-85

Abstract

The literature of welfare-maximising greenhouse gas emission reduction strategies pays remarkably little attention to equity. This payer introduces three ways to consider efficiency and equity simultaneously. The first method, inspired by Kant and Rawls, maximises net present welfare, without international cooperation; as if all regions share the fate of the region affected worst by climate change. Optimal emission abatement varies greatly depending on the spatial and temporal resolution, that is, the grid at which 'maximum impact' is defined. The second method is inspired by Varian's no-envy. Emissions are reduced so as to equalise total costs and benefits of climate change over all countries of the world and over all time periods. Emission reductions are substantial. This method approximately preserves the inequities that would occur in a world without climate change. The third methoduses non-linear aggregations of welfare (the utilitarian default is linear) in a cooperative setting. This method cannot distinguish between sources of inequity. The higher the aversion to inequity, the higher optimal greenhouse gas emission reduction. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 02/04/20 alle ore 09:17:06