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Titolo:
Identification of development indicators in tropical mountainous regions and some implications for natural resource policy designs: an integrated community case study
Autore:
Kammerbauer, J; Cordoba, B; Escolan, R; Flores, S; Ramirez, V; Zeledon, J;
Indirizzi:
Pan Amer Agr Sch, Dept Nat Resources & Conservat Biol, Tegucigalpa, Honduras Pan Amer Agr Sch Tegucigalpa Honduras ervat Biol, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Titolo Testata:
ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 36, anno: 2001,
pagine: 45 - 60
SICI:
0921-8009(200101)36:1<45:IODIIT>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY; HONDURAS; SYSTEMS;
Keywords:
indicators; sustainability; rural development; natural resources policies; Honduras;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kammerbauer, J Inst Ecol, Campus Univ C,27 Cota Cota,Casilla 10077, La Paz, Bolivia Inst Ecol Campus Univ C,27 Cota Cota,Casilla 10077 La Paz Bolivia
Citazione:
J. Kammerbauer et al., "Identification of development indicators in tropical mountainous regions and some implications for natural resource policy designs: an integrated community case study", ECOL ECON, 36(1), 2001, pp. 45-60

Abstract

In tropical and subtropical countries a social gradient can be observed inmountainous regions between small-scale farmers on fragile ecosystems associated with human poverty, and the fertile plains and broad valleys with large-scale cash crop productions and industrial centers associated with relative economic welfare. Sustainable community development paths have to be identified in these less privileged regions. The objective of this study wasto make a contribution for defining and assessing development indicators at community level, including ecological, economic and social dimensions, toelicit the conflicting objectives in development and to discuss some practical implications. The study was performed in a typical watershed in central Honduras and special attention was given to autochthonous and qualitativeindicators for development. Using the pressure-state-response model as a framework, a series of indicators were identified and assessed, which were also used by the local population and grouped into landscape structure, soilfertility, water availability and quality, production system and extractive activities, economic and social performance, and institutions. The development path in this specific case illustrated the transition from an expansive forest conversion agriculture to an intensified and diversified agriculture. This was made possible through technology transfer and improved marketaccess. However, this development path, while increasing economic welfare,generated increasing negative environmental impacts caused by pesticide residues, soil erosion and less regular water supply. As the watershed carrying capacity for traditional shifting cultivation (used as a system indicator) reached its ecological limit, new sustainable development strategies hadto be identified. The implications of the study for policy design are thattools need to be provided for natural and environmental resource monitoring, which may consist of sustainability goal definitions, a minimal set of indicators and simple maps for planning land use at local level. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 07/07/20 alle ore 17:50:19