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Titolo:
Effects of propofol on H-reflex in humans
Autore:
Kerz, T; Hennes, HJ; Feve, A; Decq, P; Filipetti, P; Duvaldestin, P;
Indirizzi:
Univ Mainz, Dept Anesthesia, D-6500 Mainz, Germany Univ Mainz Mainz Germany D-6500 , Dept Anesthesia, D-6500 Mainz, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ANESTHESIOLOGY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 94, anno: 2001,
pagine: 32 - 37
SICI:
0003-3022(200101)94:1<32:EOPOHI>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NITROUS-OXIDE ANESTHESIA; MUSCLE RIGIDITY; NOXIOUS STIMULI; SPINAL-CORD; ISOFLURANE; ETOMIDATE; NEURONS; EXCITABILITY; ROCURONIUM; RESPONSES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kerz, T Univ Mainz Klinikum, Anasthesiol Klin, Dept Anesthesiol, Langenbeckstr 1, D-55131 Mainz, Germany Univ Mainz Klinikum Langenbeckstr 1 Mainz Germany D-55131 Germany
Citazione:
T. Kerz et al., "Effects of propofol on H-reflex in humans", ANESTHESIOL, 94(1), 2001, pp. 32-37

Abstract

Background: Depression of spinal cord motoneuron excitability has been proposed to contribute to surgical immobility. The H-reflex, which measures alpha -motoneuron excitability, is depressed by volatile anesthetics, whereasthe action of propofol is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of propofol anesthesia on the H-reflex. Methods: In 13 patients (group 1), H-reflex was measured before (T-0), 3 min after (T-1), and 10 min after (T-2) a 2-mg/kg bolus dose of propofol, followed by an infusion of 10 mg . kg(-1) . h(-1). Ten patients (group 2) were studied when propofol was given via a programmable pump set to a propofolblood concentration of 6 mug/ml, and 10 patients (group 3) were studied with the pump set to 9 mug/ml. Latencies and amplitudes of H-reflexes (H-0, H-1, H-2) and M-responses (M-0, M-1, M-2) of the soleus muscle were recorded, and H/M ratios (H-0/M-0, H-1/M-1, H-2/M-2) were calculated. Results: In group 1, H-reflex amplitudes and the H/M ratio were diminishedafter induction with propofol (H-0 vs. H-1, P = 0.033; H-0/M-0 vs. H-1/M-1, P = 0.042). After 10 min of propofol infusion, the H-2/M-2 ratio was still decreased versus H-0/M-0 (P = 0.031). In group 2, no difference was detected. In group 3, propofol depressed H-reflex amplitudes at T-2 (H-0 vs. H-2, P < 0.01), and amplitudes were also lower at T-2 than at T-1 (H-1 vs. H-2, P < 0.01). In this group, the H/M ratio decreased from T-0 to T-2 (H-0/M-0 vs. H-2/M-2, P = 0.002). Conclusions: During steady state conditions using propofol as the sole agent, a depression of the H-reflex is observed only at a high blood concentration of 9 mug/ml. The authors suggest that immobility during propofol anesthesia is not caused by a depression of spinal motoneuron circuit excitability.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 00:57:52