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Titolo:
Adult proxy responses to a survey of children's dermal soil contact activities
Autore:
Wong, EY; Shirai, JH; Garlock, TJ; Kissel, JC;
Indirizzi:
Univ Washington, Dept Environm Hlth, Seattle, WA 98195 USA Univ Washington Seattle WA USA 98195 Environm Hlth, Seattle, WA 98195 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE ANALYSIS AND ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 10, anno: 2000,
parte:, 1
pagine: 509 - 517
SICI:
1053-4245(200011/12)10:6<509:APRTAS>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FIELD MEASUREMENT; RISK ASSESSMENTS; EXPOSURE;
Keywords:
children; dermal; exposure; soil; survey telephone;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kissel, JC Univ Washington, Dept Environm Hlth, Box 357234, Seattle, WA 98195 USA Univ Washington Box 357234 Seattle WA USA 98195 e, WA 98195 USA
Citazione:
E.Y. Wong et al., "Adult proxy responses to a survey of children's dermal soil contact activities", J EXP AN EN, 10(6), 2000, pp. 509-517

Abstract

Contaminated site cleanup decisions may require estimation of dermal exposures to soil. Telephone surveys represent one means of obtaining relevant activity pattern data. The initial Soil Contact Survey (SCS-I), which primarily gathered information on the activities of adults, was conducted in 1996. Data describing adult behaviors have been previously reported. Results from a second Soil Contact Survey (SCS-II), performed in 1998-1999 and focused on children's activity patterns, are reported here. Telephone surveys were used to query a randomly selected sample of U.S. households. A randomly chosen child, under the age of 18 years, was targeted in each responding household having children. Play activities as well as bathing patterns were investigated to quantify total exposure time, defined as activity time plus delay until washing. Of 680 total survey respondents, 500 (73.5%) reported that their child played outdoors on bare dirt or mixed grass and dirt surfaces. Among these "players," the median reported play frequency was 7 days/week in warm weather and 3 days/week in cold weather. Median play duration was 3 h/day in warm weather and 1 h/day in cold weather. Hand washes were reported to occur a median of 4 times per day in both warm and cold weather months. Bath or shower median frequency was seven rimes per week in both warmand cold weather. Finally, based on clothing choice data gathered in SCS-I, a median of about 37% of total skin surface is estimated to be exposed during young children's warm weather outdoor play.

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Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 22:59:47