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Titolo:
Survivor guilt, submissive behaviour and evolutionary theory: The down-side of winning in social comparison
Autore:
OConnor, LE; Berry, JW; Weiss, J; Schweitzer, D; Sevier, M;
Indirizzi:
Wright Inst, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA Wright Inst Berkeley CA USA 94704Wright Inst, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA San Francisco Psychotherapy Res Grp, San Francisco, CA USA San Francisco Psychotherapy Res Grp San Francisco CA USA ancisco, CA USA Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Richmond, VA 23284 USA Virginia Commonwealth Univ Richmond VA USA 23284 , Richmond, VA 23284 USA Univ Calif San Francisco, Med Ctr, San Francisco Psychoanalyt Soc & Inst, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA Univ Calif San Francisco San Francisco CA USA 94143 ancisco, CA 94143 USA
Titolo Testata:
BRITISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY
, volume: 73, anno: 2000,
parte:, 4
pagine: 519 - 530
SICI:
0007-1129(200012)73:<519:SGSBAE>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WILD CHIMPANZEES; INTERPERSONAL GUILT; DEPRESSION; PERSONALITY; SHAME; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; SELECTION; QUESTIONNAIRE; MECHANISMS; SCIENCES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
99
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: O'Connor, LE Wright Inst, 2728 Durant Ave, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA Wright Inst 2728 Durant Ave Berkeley CA USA 94704 A 94704 USA
Citazione:
L.E. O'Connor et al., "Survivor guilt, submissive behaviour and evolutionary theory: The down-side of winning in social comparison", BR J MED PS, 73, 2000, pp. 519-530

Abstract

In Drier research submissive behaviour has been studied in relation to social comparison, Evolutionary theory conceptualized submissive behaviour as a fear-based self-protective strategy when in a subordinate position. In this study we hypothesized that survivor guilt, the type of guilt associated with feeling better off than others, is also linked to submissive behaviour. The Interpersonal Guilt Questionnaire, the Submissive Behaviour Inventory, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire were administered to a sample of 199 college students. Submissive behaviour was found to be significantly correlated with survivor guilt. Introversion, used as an indirect measure of the fear of being pur down, was also correlated with submissive behaviour. A principal components analysis found two components: the first was composed of high loadings of submissiveness, survivor guilt and omnipotent responsibility guilt; the second was composed of high loadings of submissiveness and introversion. This supports the hypothesis that there may be two motivational states related to submissive behaviour, the fear of harm to the self as described in prior studies, and the fear of harm to another or guilt-based submissive behaviour. We propose that survivor guilt has been selected by evolution as a psychological mechanism supporting group living, and that it may be considered from the perspective of inclusive fitness, reciprocal altruism, and multilevel selection cheery.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 03:02:34