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Titolo:
Stress and airway resistance in children with asthma
Autore:
McQuaid, EL; Fritz, GK; Nassau, JH; Lilly, MK; Mansell, A; Klein, RB;
Indirizzi:
Brown Univ, Dept Psychiat & Human Behav, Providence, RI 02912 USA Brown Univ Providence RI USA 02912 Human Behav, Providence, RI 02912 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH
fascicolo: 4, volume: 49, anno: 2000,
pagine: 239 - 245
SICI:
0022-3999(200010)49:4<239:SAARIC>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PULMONARY-FUNCTION; SUGGESTION;
Keywords:
asthma; stress; children;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: McQuaid, EL Rhode Isl Hosp, 593 Eddy St, Providence, RI 02903 USA Rhode Isl Hosp 593 Eddy St Providence RI USA 02903 I 02903 USA
Citazione:
E.L. McQuaid et al., "Stress and airway resistance in children with asthma", J PSYCHOSOM, 49(4), 2000, pp. 239-245

Abstract

Objective: The present study implements an experimental paradigm to examine airway reactivity to stress in children with asthma and controls. Method:114 children with asthma and 30 controls (ages 9-15) participated. The protocol involved 5 min of baseline physiological measurements followed by a 5-min stressful task. Skin conductance (EDG), skin temperature, and heart rate were measured continuously. Airway resistance was measured at baseline and after the task. Results: 110 children (76% of the sample) were significantly "stressed" as shown by physiological changes. Asthmatics and controls differed on overall airway resistance, F(1,108) = 12.3, P < .001. The entire sample demonstrated a trend toward increased airway resistance in response to stress, F(1,108) = 3.1, P < .08. A portion of asthmatics (22%) had increases of greater than 20% of baseline airway resistance. Changes in airwayresistance in response to stress were unrelated to asthma severity, F(2,78) = 2.0, ns. Conclusion: Children with asthma and controls demonstrate variation in airway function in response to stress, although increases are likely more meaningful for children with asthma. Further research is needed to examine the mechanisms underlying this response. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/11/20 alle ore 14:48:56