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Titolo:
Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language
Autore:
Rosser, ZH; Zerjal, T; Hurles, ME; Adojaan, M; Alavantic, D; Amorim, A; Amos, W; Armenteros, M; Arroyo, E; Barbujani, G; Beckman, G; Beckman, L; Bertranpetit, J; Bosch, E; Bradley, DG; Brede, G; Cooper, G; Corte-Real, HBSM; de Knijff, P; Decorte, R; Dubrova, YE; Evgrafov, O; Gilissen, A; Glisic, S; Golge, M; Hill, EW; Jeziorowska, A; Kalaydjieva, L; Kayser, M; Kivisild, T; Kravchenko, SA; Krumina, A; Kucinskas, V; Lavinha, J; Livshits, LA; Malaspina, P; Maria, S; McElreavey, K; Meitinger, TA; Mikelsaar, AV; Mitchell, RJ; Nafa, K; Nicholson, J; Norby, S; Pandya, A; Parik, J; Patsalis, PC; Pereira, L; Peterlin, B; Pielberg, G; Prata, ML; Previdere, C; Roewer, L; Rootsi, S; Rubinsztein, DC; Saillard, J; Santos, FR; Stefanescu, G; Sykes, BC; Tolun, A; Villems, R; Tyler-Smith, C; Jobling, MA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Leicester, Dept Genet, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics, England Univ Leicester Leicester Leics England LE1 7RH er LE1 7RH, Leics, England Univ Oxford, Dept Biochem, CRC, Chromosome Mol Biol Grp, Oxford OX1 3QU, England Univ Oxford Oxford England OX1 3QU Mol Biol Grp, Oxford OX1 3QU, England Univ Oxford, Inst Mol Med, Oxford OX1 3QU, England Univ Oxford Oxford England OX1 3QU Inst Mol Med, Oxford OX1 3QU, England Univ Tartu, Inst Gen & Mol Pathol, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia Univ Tartu Tartu Estonia EE-50090 & Mol Pathol, EE-50090 Tartu, Estonia Estonian Bioctr, Tartu, Estonia Estonian Bioctr Tartu EstoniaEstonian Bioctr, Tartu, Estonia Inst Nucl Sci Vinca, Lab Radiol & Mol Genet, Belgrade, Yugoslavia Inst Nucl Sci Vinca Belgrade Yugoslavia Mol Genet, Belgrade, Yugoslavia Univ Porto, IPATIMUP 5, P-4100 Porto, Portugal Univ Porto Porto PortugalP-4100 rto, IPATIMUP 5, P-4100 Porto, Portugal Univ Porto, Fac Ciencias, P-4100 Porto, Portugal Univ Porto Porto Portugal P-4100 o, Fac Ciencias, P-4100 Porto, Portugal Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Cambridge, England Univ Cambridge Cambridge England mbridge, Dept Zool, Cambridge, England Univ Complutense Madrid, Ctr Invest & Criminalist, Lab ADN, Madrid, Spain Univ Complutense Madrid Madrid Spain riminalist, Lab ADN, Madrid, Spain Univ Complutense Madrid, Lab Biol Forense, Dept Toxicol & Legislac Sanitaria, Madrid, Spain Univ Complutense Madrid Madrid Spain Legislac Sanitaria, Madrid, Spain Univ Ferrara, Dept Biol, I-44100 Ferrara, Italy Univ Ferrara Ferrara Italy I-44100 ra, Dept Biol, I-44100 Ferrara, Italy Umea Univ, Dept Med Genet, Umea, Sweden Umea Univ Umea SwedenUmea Univ, Dept Med Genet, Umea, Sweden Univ Pompeu Fabra, Unitat Biol Evolut, Fac Ciecies Salut & Vida, Barcelona, Spain Univ Pompeu Fabra Barcelona Spain iecies Salut & Vida, Barcelona, Spain Univ Dublin Trinity Coll, Dept Genet, Dublin 2, Ireland Univ Dublin Trinity Coll Dublin Ireland 2 Dept Genet, Dublin 2, Ireland Univ Oslo, Ctr Biotechnol, N-0316 Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo Norway N-0316 v Oslo, Ctr Biotechnol, N-0316 Oslo, Norway Inst Nacl Saude Dr Ricardo Jorge, Lisbon, Portugal Inst Nacl Saude Dr Ricardo Jorge Lisbon Portugal orge, Lisbon, Portugal Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Forens Lab DNA Res, MGC,Dept Human & Clin Genet, Leiden, Netherlands Leiden Univ Leiden Netherlands Human & Clin Genet, Leiden, Netherlands Katholieke Univ Leuven, Lab Forens Genet & Mol Archaeol, Ctr Human Genet, Louvain, Belgium Katholieke Univ Leuven Louvain Belgium tr Human Genet, Louvain, Belgium Russian Acad Med Sci, Med Genet Res Ctr, UFA Sci Ctr, Dept Biochem & Cytochem, Moscow, Russia Russian Acad Med Sci Moscow Russia t Biochem & Cytochem, Moscow, Russia Univ Kiel, Dept Physiol, Kiel, Germany Univ Kiel Kiel GermanyUniv Kiel, Dept Physiol, Kiel, Germany Med Univ Lodz, Dept Med Genet, Inst Endocrinol, PL-90131 Lodz, Poland Med Univ Lodz Lodz Poland PL-90131 nst Endocrinol, PL-90131 Lodz, Poland Edith Cowan Univ, Dept Human Biol, Perth, WA, Australia Edith Cowan Univ Perth WA Australia ept Human Biol, Perth, WA, Australia Royal Perth Hosp, Western Australian Inst Med Res, Perth, WA, Australia Royal Perth Hosp Perth WA Australia n Inst Med Res, Perth, WA, Australia Humboldt Univ, Fac Med Charite, Genet Res Lab, Inst Legal Med, D-10098 Berlin, Germany Humboldt Univ Berlin Germany D-10098 Legal Med, D-10098 Berlin, Germany Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, Inst Mol Biol & Genet, UA-252143 Kiev, Ukraine NatlAcad Sci Ukraine Kiev Ukraine UA-252143 et, UA-252143 Kiev, Ukraine Med Acad Latvia, Dept Med Biol & Genet, Riga, Latvia Med Acad Latvia Riga Latvia Latvia, Dept Med Biol & Genet, Riga, Latvia Vilnius State Univ, Ctr Human Genet, Vilnius, Lithuania Vilnius State Univ Vilnius Lithuania tr Human Genet, Vilnius, Lithuania Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Dept Biol, Rome, Italy Univ Roma Tor Vergata RomeItaly ma Tor Vergata, Dept Biol, Rome, Italy Cyprus Inst Neurol & Genet, Nicosia, Cyprus Cyprus Inst Neurol & Genet Nicosia Cyprus urol & Genet, Nicosia, Cyprus Inst Pasteur, Unite Immunogenet Humaine, Paris, France Inst Pasteur Paris France eur, Unite Immunogenet Humaine, Paris, France Kinderpoliklin, Dept Med Genet, Munich, Germany Kinderpoliklin Munich Germany poliklin, Dept Med Genet, Munich, Germany La Trobe Univ, Sch Genet & Human Variat, Bundoora, Vic 3083, Australia La Trobe Univ Bundoora Vic Australia 3083 , Bundoora, Vic 3083, Australia Mem Sloan Kettering Canc Ctr, Dept Human Genet, New York, NY 10021 USA MemSloan Kettering Canc Ctr New York NY USA 10021 New York, NY 10021 USA Univ Copenhagen, Lab Biol Anthropol, Inst Forens Med, Copenhagen, Denmark Univ Copenhagen Copenhagen Denmark Inst Forens Med, Copenhagen, Denmark Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Div Med Genet, Ljubljana, Slovenia Dept Obstet & Gynaecol Ljubljana Slovenia ed Genet, Ljubljana, Slovenia Dipartimento Med Legale & Sanita Pubbl, Pavia, Italy Dipartimento Med Legale & Sanita Pubbl Pavia Italy Pubbl, Pavia, Italy IC Biol, Iasi, Romania IC Biol Iasi RomaniaIC Biol, Iasi, Romania Bogazici Univ, Dept Mol Biol & Genet, Istanbul, Turkey Bogazici Univ Istanbul Turkey , Dept Mol Biol & Genet, Istanbul, Turkey
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS
fascicolo: 6, volume: 67, anno: 2000,
pagine: 1526 - 1543
SICI:
0002-9297(200012)67:6<1526:YDIEIC>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NEOLITHIC DEMIC DIFFUSION; HUMAN-GENE-FREQUENCIES; SPATIAL AUTOCORRELATION; DNA VARIATION; MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA; HUMAN-EVOLUTION; NUCLEAR-DNA; HAPLOTYPES; POPULATION; MARKERS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
84
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jobling, MA Univ Leicester, Dept Genet, Univ Rd, Leicester LE1 7RH, Leics,England Univ Leicester Univ Rd Leicester Leics England LE1 7RH England
Citazione:
Z.H. Rosser et al., "Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language", AM J HU GEN, 67(6), 2000, pp. 1526-1543

Abstract

Clinal patterns of autosomal genetic diversity within Europe have been interpreted in previous studies in terms of a Neolithic demic diffusion model for the spread of agriculture; in contrast, studies using mtDNA have tracedmany founding lineages to the Paleolithic and have not shown strongly clinal variation. We have used 11 human Y-chromosomal biallelic polymorphisms, defining 10 haplogroups, to analyze a sample of 3,616 Y chromosomes belonging to 47 European and circum-European populations. Patterns of geographic differentiation are highly nonrandom, and, when they are assessed using spatial autocorrelation analysis, they show significant dines for five of six haplogroups analyzed. Clines for two haplogroups, representing 45% of the chromosomes, are continentwide and consistent with the demic diffusion hypothesis. Clines for three other haplogroups each have different foci and are more regionally restricted and are likely to reflect distinct population movements, including one from north of the Black Sea. principal-components analysis suggests that populations are related primarily on the basis of geography, rather than on the basis of linguistic affinity. This is confirmed inMantel tests, which show a strong and highly significant partial correlation between genetics and geography but a low nonsignificant partial correlation between genetics and language. Genetic-barrier analysis also indicates the primacy of geography in the shaping of patterns of variation. These patterns retain a strong signal of expansion from the Near East but also suggest that the demographic history of Europe has been complex and influenced by other major population movements, as well as by linguistic and geographicheterogeneities and the effects of drift.

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Documento generato il 03/04/20 alle ore 04:29:26