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Titolo:
Subchronic effects following a single sarin exposure on blood-brain and blood-testes barrier permeability, acetylcholinesterase, and acetylcholine receptors in the central nervous system of rat: A dose-response study
Autore:
Jones, KH; Dechkovskaia, AM; Herrick, EA; Abdel-Rahman, AA; Khan, WA; Abou-Donia, MB;
Indirizzi:
Duke Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Pharmacol & Canc Biol, Durham, NC 27710 USA Duke Univ Durham NC USA 27710 Pharmacol & Canc Biol, Durham, NC 27710 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH-PART A
fascicolo: 8, volume: 61, anno: 2000,
pagine: 695 - 707
SICI:
1528-7394(200012)61:8<695:SEFASS>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MUSCARINIC RECEPTORS; CHLORPYRIFOS OXON; HIGH-AFFINITY; ORGANOPHOSPHATES; ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM; ANTICHOLINESTERASES; STRIATUM; SUBTYPE; RELEASE; SOMAN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Abou-Donia, MB Duke Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Pharmacol & Canc Biol, POB 3813, Durham, NC 27710USA Duke Univ POB 3813 Durham NC USA 27710 Durham, NC 27710USA
Citazione:
K.H. Jones et al., "Subchronic effects following a single sarin exposure on blood-brain and blood-testes barrier permeability, acetylcholinesterase, and acetylcholine receptors in the central nervous system of rat: A dose-response study", J TOX E H A, 61(8), 2000, pp. 695-707

Abstract

Subchronic neurotoxic effects of sarin (O- isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridate) treatment at various doses in male Sprague Dawley rats were studied. The animals were treated with a single intramuscular ( im) injection of 0.01, 0.1, 0.5, or 1 x LD50 ( 100 mug/kg). The animals were maintained for 90 d thereafter. [H-3] Hexamethonium iodide was used to monitor the changes inblood-brain barrier ( BBB) permeability in cortex, brainstem, midbrain, and cerebellum. Brainstem exhibited a significant decrease (similar to 58% ofcontrol) in uptake of [H-3] hexamethonium iodide at 1 x LD50 dose. No significant changes were observed in BBB permeability in cortex, midbrain, and cerebellum at any dose. Plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity remained unchanged, reflecting recovery of the enzyme activity from the initial inhibition following single exposure of 1 x LD50 sarin. Acetylcholinesterase(AChE) activity in the cortex remained inhibited (similar to 29%), whereasin the brainstem there was an increase (similar to 20%) at 1 x LD50 dose of sarin. The m2-selective muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (m2-mAChR) ligand binding was inhibited significantly at 1 x LD50 in the cortex, whereas brainstem showed significantly increased (similar to 45%) ligand binding at 1 x LD50 dose. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), on the other hand,showed a biphasic response in ligand binding in the cortex with a decrease(similar to 30%) at 0.01 x LD50 but an increase (similar to 40%) at 1 x LD50. Brainstem did not show any significant change in nAChR ligand binding. These results suggest that single exposure of sarin could lead to changes that may play an important role in neuropathological abnormalities in the central nervous system.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 09/07/20 alle ore 12:44:22