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Titolo:
The "living things" impairment and the nature of semantic memory organisation: An experimental study using PI-release and semantic cues
Autore:
Marques, JF;
Indirizzi:
Univ Lisbon, Alameda Univ, Fac Psicol & Ciencias Educ, P-1649013 Lisbon, Portugal Univ Lisbon Lisbon Portugal P-1649013 s Educ, P-1649013 Lisbon, Portugal
Titolo Testata:
COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHOLOGY
fascicolo: 8, volume: 17, anno: 2000,
pagine: 683 - 707
SICI:
0264-3294(200012)17:8<683:T"TIAT>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CATEGORY-SPECIFIC IMPAIRMENTS; PROACTIVE-INTERFERENCE; ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE; NONLIVING THINGS; NAMING DEFICIT; NEURAL BASIS; MODALITY SPECIFICITY; DOUBLE DISSOCIATION; MEANING SYSTEMS; FREE-RECALL;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
91
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Marques, JF Univ Lisbon, Alameda Univ, Fac Psicol & Ciencias Educ, P-1649013 Lisbon, Portugal Univ Lisbon Lisbon Portugal P-1649013 49013 Lisbon, Portugal
Citazione:
J.F. Marques, "The "living things" impairment and the nature of semantic memory organisation: An experimental study using PI-release and semantic cues", COGN NEUROP, 17(8), 2000, pp. 683-707

Abstract

The present paper evaluated categorical and featural proposals of memory organisation, for explaining the living/nonliving things dissociation observed in semantic memory. The experimental study used the Release from Proactive Interference (PI-release) paradigm. Normal subjects were tested with this task using word vs. picture stimuli in a standard taxonomical PI-release condition (i.e., nonliving to living things) and in a cue condition with attributes that run opposite to the taxonomical shift. Experiments 1 and 2 cued functional attributes (means of transportation; dangerousness), and experiments 3 and 4 cued perceptual attributes (size; number of legs). The overall pattern of PI-release emphasizes the role of functional attributes and the role of structural processing to semantic processing. Implications for the different proposals presented, including possible alternative accounts of the results, are also discussed.

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Documento generato il 30/10/20 alle ore 00:10:28