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Titolo:
Personality predictors of mortality in cardiac transplant candidates and recipients
Autore:
Brandwin, M; Trask, PC; Schwartz, SM; Clifford, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ Michigan, Dept Psychiat, Behav Med Program, Ann Arbor, MI 48108 USA Univ Michigan Ann Arbor MI USA 48108 Med Program, Ann Arbor, MI 48108 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH
fascicolo: 2, volume: 49, anno: 2000,
pagine: 141 - 147
SICI:
0022-3999(200008)49:2<141:PPOMIC>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HEART-TRANSPLANTATION; INTERNATIONAL-SOCIETY; PSYCHIATRIC ASPECTS; OFFICIAL REPORT; PAIN PATIENTS; SURVIVAL; REGISTRY; DEATH;
Keywords:
cardiac transplant; Millon Behavioral Health Inventory; mortality; personality;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Trask, PC Univ Michigan, Dept Psychiat, Behav Med Program, 475 Market Pl,Suite L, Ann Arbor, MI 48108 USA Univ Michigan 475 Market Pl,Suite L Ann Arbor MI USA 48108 8 USA
Citazione:
M. Brandwin et al., "Personality predictors of mortality in cardiac transplant candidates and recipients", J PSYCHOSOM, 49(2), 2000, pp. 141-147

Abstract

Objectives: Emotional factors are generally recognized as impacting the care of end-stage heart disease and mortality following cardiac transplants. Equally important, however, are predictors of pretransplant mortality. The current study examined the utility of the Millon Behavioral Health Inventory (MBHI) as a predictor of pre- and posttransplant mortality. Methods: A total of 103 cardiac transplant candidates were assessed with the MBHI as part of a pretransplant evaluation that included baseline demo; graphic variables and cardiac status. Time to transplant and mortality status at 1 and 5 years was also obtained. Results: Cluster analysis of MBHI response scores elicited two clusters characterized by high and low distress. Cluster membership predicted survival status at 1-year and 5-year follow-up, with high distress cluster patients having significantly higher mortality in both the total sample and a subgroup of patients who did receive a heart transplant. Conclusions: These results support the value of the MBHI for assessing personality attributes that may dispose toward unfavorable outcome in heart transplant candidates. Further understanding of psychosocial contributions toillness course and outcome may enable more effective selection of treatment interventions with cardiac patients. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/04/20 alle ore 22:33:41